May 3 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1791 Constitution of May 3 is proclaimed by the Great Sejm (Parliament) of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, becoming the 1st modern constitution in Europe

1926 Britain’s Trade Union Congress calls for the country’s first ever general strike, begins at 1 minute to midnight in support striking coal miners, lasts 9 days

1937 Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for “Gone With The Wind”

1945 World War II: German ship “Cap Arcona” laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed – one of largest maritime losses of life

1947 Japan’s post-war constitution goes into effect, granting universal suffrage, stripping Emperor Hirohito of all but symbolic power and outlawing Japan’s right to make war

Today’s Historical Events

1374 BC Solar eclipse (2m 07s) seen at Ugarit by Mesopotamian astronomers “On the day of the new moon, in the month of Hiyar, the Sun was put to shame, and went down in the daytime, with Mars in attendance.”

1294 John II becomes Duke of Brabant and Limburg

1342 Count Hartmann II becomes ruler of Vaduz (Liechtenstein)

1382 Battle of Beverhoutsveld near Bruges in modern-day Belgium – the army of Ghent beats a drunken Bruges militia

1491 Kongo monarch Nkuwu Nzinga is baptised by Portuguese missionaries, adopting the baptismal name of João I

1512 Pope Julius II opens 5th Council of Lateran at St. John Lateran Basilica in Rome

1558 Ferdinand I officially appointed Holy Roman Emperor after his brother Charles abdicated in 1556

1616 Treaty of Loudun ends French civil war

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1944 “Going My Way”, directed by Leo McCarey and starring Bing Crosby premieres in New York (Academy Award for Best Picture, 1945)

1948 1st broadcast of “CBS Evening News” – longest running network news show in the US

1953 WTVO TV channel 17 in Rockford, IL (NBC) begins broadcasting

1954 KTEN TV channel 10 in Ada-Ardmore, Oklahoma(ABC) begins broadcasting

1954 WHA TV channel 21 in Madison, Wisconsin (PBS) begins broadcasting

1965 KTCI TV channel 17 in St. Paul-Minneapolis, MN (PBS) 1st broadcast

1966 WDHO (now WNWO) TV channel 24 in Toledo, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting

1982 ABC’s All Talk network begins on radio (2 west coast stations)

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1917 1st performance of Ernest Bloch’s symphony “Israel”

1952 “Call Me Madam” closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 644 performances

1956 Frank Loesser’s musical “Most Happy Fella” opens at Imperial Theater, NYC; runs for 678 performances

1960 Musical “Fantasticks” by Harvey Schmidt and Tom Jones, premieres in NYC (world’s longest running musical)

1969 “Trumpets of the Lord” closes at Brooks Atkinson NYC after 7 performances

1981 “Can-Can” closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 5 performances

1986 31st Eurovision Song Contest: Sandra Kim for Belgium wins singing “J’aime la vie” in Bergen

1987 “Mikado” closes at Virginia Theater NYC after 46 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1900 26th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Boland aboard Lieut Gibson wins in 2:06.25

1902 28th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on Alan-a-Dale wins in 2:08.75

1903 AVC Heracles (SC Heracles ’74) soccer team forms in Almelo

1909 35th Kentucky Derby: Vincent Powers on Wintergreen wins in 2:08.2

1910 Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States is renamed the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)

1922 Mayor Hylan closes 2 streets for building of Yankee Stadium in the Bronx, NYC

1936 NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio makes his major-league debut, gets 3 hits

1941 67th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Whirlaway, 1st leg of successful Triple Crown