The Lupercalia was an ancient Roman fertility and purification festival. People assembled at the cave, called the Lupercal, on the Palantine Hill where Romulus and Remus were suckled by their wolf foster-mother. Goats and a dog were sacrificed and young men had their heads smeared with the blood of the victims, then washed it off with milk, as a death and rebirth symbol. The youths were naked except for the animal skins, from which thongs were also made and used to strike women rushing around through the streets. The women put themselves in the way to receive this fertility magick.