Goddess Of The Day – Athena

Goddess of the Day

Athena

Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom, war, the arts, weaving, metal
working, industry, justice and skill. She was the favorite child of
Zeus. She had sprung fully grown out of her father’s head. Her mother
was Metis, Goddess of wisdom and Zeus’ first wife. In fear that Metis
would bear a son mightier than himself. Zeus swallowed her and she
began to make a robe and helmet for her daughter. The hammering of the
helmet caused Zeus great pain in the form of headaches and he cried
out in agony. Skilled Hephaestus ran to his father and split his skull
open and from it emerged Athena, fully grown and wearing her mother’s
robe and helmet. She is the virgin mother of Erichthnonius.

She is attended by an owl, wears a goatskin breastplate called the
Aegis given to her by her father, Zeus and is accompanied by the
Goddess of victory, Nike. She is often shown helmeted and with a
shield bearing the Gorgons Medusa’s head, a votive gift of Perseus.

Athena is an armed warrior goddess, and appears in Greek mythology as
a helper of many heroes, including Heracles, Jason and Odysseus. She
never had a consort or lover, and thus was often known as Athena
Parthenos (“Athena the virgin”). In her role as a protector of the
city, Athena was worshipped throughout the Greek world as Athena
Polias (“Athena of the city”). She had a special relationship with
Athens, as is shown by the etymological connection of the names of the
Goddess and the city. The Parthenon, on the Acropolis of Athens, is
her most famous temple.

Athena and her uncle Poseidon were both very fond of a certain city in
Greece. Both of them claimed the city and it was decided that the one
that could give the finest gift should have it. Leading a procession
of citizens, the two gods mounted the Acropolis. Poseidon struck the
side of the cliff with his trident and a spring welled up. The people
marveled, but the water was as salty as Poseidon’s sea and it was not
very useful. Athena’s gift was an olive tree, which was better because
it gave the people food, oil and wood. Athena named her city Athens.

In Roman mythology, the Goddess of wisdom was Minerva, who originated
in the association of the Etruscan Goddess Minerva with Hellenic
iconography of Athena. Quite apart from Minerva, the Romans knew her
as Athena as well

Athena is associated with Athens, a plural name because it was the
place where she presided over her sisterhood, the Athenai, in earliest
times. Athena was probably already a Goddess in the Aegean in
prehistoric times. There is evidence that in early times, Athena was
an owl herself, or a Bird Goddess in general. In Book 3 of the
Odyssey, she takes the form of a sea-eagle. Her tasseled aegis may be
the remnants of wings: she is depicted with wings on Archaic red-
figure pottery.

In the Olympian pantheon, Athena was remade as the favorite daughter
of Zeus, born fully armed from his forehead. The story of her birth
comes in several versions. In the one most commonly cited, Zeus lay
with Metis, the Goddess of crafty thought and wisdom, but immediately
feared the consequences. It had been prophesied that Metis would bear
children more powerful than the sire, even Zeus himself. In order to
forestall these dire consequences, Zeus transformed Metis into a fly
and swallowed her immediately after lying with her. He was too late:
Metis had already conceived a child. Metis immediately began making a
helmet and robe for her fetal daughter. The hammering as she made the
helmet caused Zeus great pain and Prometheus, Hephaestus, Hermes or
Palaemon (depending on the sources examined) cleaved Zeus’s head with
the double-headed Minoan axe (Labrys). Athena leaped from Zeus’s head,
fully grown and armed, and Zeus was none the worse for the experience.

Symbols of Athena;

General:

Sun, golden shield and helmet, spear, spindle, bowl, intertwined
snakes, the Parthenon, the seven auras, and the Number 7

Plants and Herbs;

Tiger lily, oak, cypress, olive tree, Hellebore (Christmas and Lenten
roses), and citrus trees

Perfumes/Incenses:

Patchouli, dragonÍs blood, musk, indigo, orange blossom, cinnamon, and
cedar wood

Crystals and Stones:

Onyx, ruby, star sapphire, turquoise, gold, lapis lazuli, and ivory

Colors:

Gold, orange, yellow, emerald green, and royal blue