December 13 Today In History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1577 Francis Drake sets sail from England on a circumnavigation of the world

1636 The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. Recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard.

1642 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sights the South Island of present day New Zealand; initially he calls it Staten Landt and changes it a year later to Nieuw Zeeland [1]

1920 League of Nations establishes the International Court of Justice in The Hague

2002 The European Union announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004

2003 Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit, during Operation Red Dawn by US forces

Today’s Historical Events

1294 Saint Celestine V abdicates the papacy after only five months; Celestine hoped to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit.

1545 Council of Trent (19th ecumenical council) opened by Pope Paul III

1570 Sweden and Denmark signs Peace of Stettin

1572 Spanish army beats Geuzen fleet (confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under admiral Lumey

1577 Francis Drake sets sail from England on a circumnavigation of the world

1621 Emperor Ferdinand II delegates 1st anti-Reformation decree

1636 The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. Recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard.

1642 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sights the South Island of present day New Zealand; initially he calls it Staten Landt and changes it a year later to Nieuw Zeeland [1]

1 From nzhistory.govt.nz

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1950 James Dean begins his career with an appearance in a Pepsi commercial

1953 KOAM TV channel 7 in Pittsburg-Joplin, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting

1956 “Anastasia” comeback film for Ingrid Bergman is released in the US, role wins Bergman Academy Award for Best Actress.

1957 “Peyton Place” film based on the novel by Grace Metalious, directed by Mark Robson and starring Lana Turner and Hope Lange is released

1961 “The Young Ones” directed by Sidney J. Furie, starring Cliff Richard, Robert Morley and Carole Gray premieres in London

1970 Neil Simon‘s “Gingerbread Lady” premieres in NYC

1975 1st time “Saturday Night Live” uses a time delay, Richard Pryor hosts

1978 CBS’ premiere of “Lovey: A Circle of Children Part II”, sequel to “A Circle of Children”, which is also based on Mary Mac Cracken

Today’s Historical Music Events

1759 First music store in America opens (Philadelphia)

1823 Gioachino Rossini arrives in London

1895 First complete performance of Gustav Mahler’s 2nd Symphony

1928 George Gershwin‘s “An American In Paris” premieres at Carnegie Hall, NYC, performed by the New York Philharmonic conducted by Walter Damrosch

1947 “Caribbean Carnival” closes at International Theatre, NYC, after 11 performances

1950 “Let’s Make an Opera” opens at John Golden Theater, NYC; runs for 5 performances

1961 The Beatles sign a formal agreement to be managed by Brian Epstein

1963 Capital records signs right of first refusal agreement with The Beatles

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1901 Test debut of English cricketer Sydney Barnes vs Australia at the SCG, took 5-65 in 1st innings

1930 George Sisler’s career ends when Boston Braves release him

1931 National Football League Championship: Green Bay Packers (12-2-0) win 3rd straight first past the post title

1936 National Football League Championship, Polo Grounds, NYC: Green Bay Packers beat Boston Redskins, 21-6; Packers 4th title; Redskins move to Washington, D.C. for 1937 season

1942 National Football League Championship, Griffith Stadium, Washington, D.C.: Washington Redskins upset Chicago Bears, 14-6

1952 NFL Dallas Texans (former Boston Yanks) play last game, losing to the Lions in Detroit, finish with record of 1-11

1956 Dodgers trade Jackie Robinson to Giants for pitcher Dick Littlefield & $35,000. Robinson will retire rather than be traded.

1960 Italy beats US in Davis cup (1st time in 24 years US not in finals)

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