CROSS (IRON or EISERNAS KREUZ)
Also called Mantuan or Maltese cross. First linked to an ancient goddess temple on Malta, it was adopted as the Iron Cross in Prussia. During the First World War, it appeared on German fighter planes and tanks. Later, it became a fascist symbol in France, Portugal and other nations.
Christians believe that Jesus accepted crucifixion on a cross for the benefit of us all. This has not always been the case however. Christians didn’t use the cross as their religious symbol for many generations after Christ was crucified. Rather than being a Christian symbol it had associations with executioners.
Initially, Christians adopted the fish symbol to identify their religion. Then, early in the fourth century, when execution by crucifixion was abolished by Emperor Constantine and Christianity became the state religion of Rome, the cross became the emblem for Christians.
The cross is used extensively in black magic and in many religions.
The Cross has been used to torture, to threaten whole civilizations, yet used as jewelry and sometimes worshipped. It has associations with an illegal psychedelic 1960s drug, SARS, BSE and bird flu, hatred and despair, love, valour and heroism, World War I, World War II, the Crusades, mythology, Satan, and salvation.
A symbol of the aging goddess (crone) to contemporary witches and victory over death to many Muslims. In Islamic lands, crescent can be seen enclosing a lone pentagram.
It symbolized the sky goddess Hathor to Egyptians, enlightenment to Buddhists, one of the highest and holiest stages of transmigration (reincarnation) to Hindus.
The sacred circle filled with a cross, four equal lines pointing from the center to the spirits of the north, east, south, and west—or to the basic element: earth, water, air (or wind), and fire. In Native American traditions, it forms the basic pattern of the MEDICINE WHEEL and plays a vital part in major spiritual rituals. Many contemporary pagans consider it their main symbol for transmitting the energy of the goddess. Christian churches have used variations of the same popular shape, usually calling it the Celtic Cross.
CIRCLE with a DOT (BINDU) in the center
In the complex symbolic system of Hinduism and Buddhism, the bindu (dot) represents the male force. Together, the circle and the bindu symbolize the merging of male and female forces.
CIRCLE (sacred hoop, ring)
An ancient and universal symbol of unity, wholeness, infinity, the goddess, and female power. To earth-centered religions throughout history, as well as to many contemporary pagans, it represents the feminine spirit or force, the cosmos or a spiritualized Mother Earth, and a sacred space. Gnostic traditions linked the unbroken circle to the “world serpent” forming a circle as it eats its own tail.
To many pagans, its mythical meaning is linked to the soul (of the deceased) in search of reincarnation.
A symbol of good fortune in the East, it represented demons and spirits in medieval Europe.
Through history, the arrow has symbolized war, power, swiftness, the rays of the sun, knowledge… as well as deities such as the Greek god Apollo and goddess Artemis (both hunters), the Hindu weather god, Rudra; and various gods of sexual attraction: Eros (Greek), Cupid (Roman), Kama (Hindu)… On ancient Roman coins, it represented the Zoroastrian god, Mithra. The native American Cheyenne warriors revered the “sacred medicine arrows” as symbols of male power. Arrows held by skeletons would point to disease or death. Today, they usually just point in the preferred direction.
An Egyptian cross symbolizing a mythical eternal life, rebirth, and the life-giving power of the sun.
Symbol of good and evil spirits in religions around the world.
A magic charm, worn to bring good luck and protection against illness, accidents and evil forces.
EYE IN TOP TRIANGLE OF THE PYRAMID
Masonic symbol for the all-seeing eye of god
A universal symbol representing spiritual sight, inner vision, higher knowledge, and insight into occult mysteries.