Whispering Woods Ogham Course – Lesson Four – 3rd. Aicme

Whispering Woods Ogham Course  
Lesson Four – 3rd. Aicme 


3rd. Acime

Muin (MUHN)

vine (Rubus fruticosa)
Muin (MUHN, like “foot”), blackberry* In Ireland Muin refers to the Bramble or Blackberry shrub, which grows wild along every hedgerow in Ireland it has a prickly spreading vine system and fruits in September a rich fruity wine can be made from the fruits.
The Vine is considered one of the Chieftain trees of the Ogham. Its attributes involve Inner development. Vine is considered a tree of reincarnation and eternal life due to the spiraling pattern of its growth. The Blackberry vine is often used in healing and money spells.

Gort (GORT)

Ivy (Hedera helix)
Gort (GORT), ivy – Ivy is also a vine, growing to 100 feet long in beech woods and around human habitations, where it is widely planted as a ground cover. Ivy produces greenish flowers before Samhain on short, vertical shrubby branches.

The leaves of these flowering branches lack the characteristic lobes of the leaves of the rest of the plant. Like holly, ivy is evergreen, its dark green leaves striking in the bare forests of midwinter. Ivy is widely cultivated in North America.

It is a member of the Ginseng family (Araliaceae).
The Greek God of Wine, “Bacchus”, wore a crown of ivy.
Ivy is the plant badge of the Gordons who originated in the lowlands of Scotland.
The Greeks and Druid priests gave newlyweds wreaths of ivy to confer a blessing of strength and eternal love. Bards were presented Ivy crowns for their festivals (Eistedfods).
Ivy invokes protection when planted on or near a house.  Ivy is equated with fidelity and is woven into marriage wreaths.

It is also used in charms to bind luck, love, and fidelity to your person.

nGéatal (NYEH-dl)

Reed (Phragmites australis)
Ngetal (NYEH-tl), reed – The term “reed” is used with great imprecision in North America, but it is clear that the reed of the Ogham is the common reed (Phragmites australis).

This is a giant grass, with stems as high as 12 feet. It grows in marshy areas, where it often forms dense stands.

The vertical stems live only a single year, dying in the autumn and being replaced with new green shoots in the spring. The dead stems rattle and whisper in lateautumn winds.

In North America it is widespread in cooler climates. Common reed is in the Grass family (Poaceae, or Gramineae).

Reed indicates direct action, and finding direction and meanings for the purpose of your journey. The Reed is symbolic of music, bagpipes and flutes.
A broken reed is the symbol of all that is untrustworthy, for it shows something that is rigid and inflexible. Reed is associated with the salmon of wisdom and most waterfowl.
Cut Reeds were used as pens and symbolized wisdom and scholarship.


Straif (STRAHF)

Blackthorn (Prunus spinosa)
Straif (STRAHF), blackthorn – The blackthorn is a relative of cherries and plums, and is the source of the sloe fruit. The fruit has been used for centuries to make a potent alcohol that was drunk during Pagan rituals in Eastern Europe, and in British Isles.

It is a thorny shrub growing to 12 feet, often forming thickets on south-facing slopes. The blue-black fruits are edible, but bitter until after the first frost. Blackthorns are seldom cultivated in North America. They are members of the Rose family (Rosaceae).
Blackthorn is depicted in many fairytales throughout Europe as a tree of ill omen. A long hard winter is referred to as a Blackthorn Winter.
It is a sacred tree to the Dark, or Crone aspect of the Triple Goddess, and represents the Waning and Dark Moons. Blackthorn is known as “the increaser and keeper of dark secrets”.
The tree is linked with warfare, wounding and death, associated with the Scottish Cailleach – the Crone of Death, and the Irish Morrigan. In Scotland, winter begins when the Cailleach (also the Goddess of winter) strikes the ground with Her Blackthorn staff.
A black rod is a Blackthorn wand with fixed thorns on the end, used to cause harm to others. In British folklore, a witch will use a Blackthorn stang in rituals of cursing. The sharp thorns were reputedly used by English witches to pierce poppets in their curses, called the “pins of slumber”.
In South Devon folklore in England, witches and heretics were burned on Blackthorn pyres. The Devil was said, in medieval times, to prick his follower’s fingers with the thorn of a Blackthorn tree.
The Irish cudgel is called a “bata”, or more popularly, a shillelagh. The shillelagh is usually made from Blackthorn.
In England Witches would carve the Norse rune “Thorn” on a Blackthorn stave for protection.
Blackthorn often topped the Maypole entwined with Hawthorn, and is called “Mother of the Woods”.


Elder (Sambucus nigra)
Ruis (RWEESH), elder: The common elder is a shrub growing to 30 feet in damp clearings, along the edge of woods, and especially near habitations. Elders are grown for their blackish berries, which are used for preserves and wine. The leaf scars have the shape of a crescent moon. Elder branches have broad spongy pith in their centers, much like the marrow of long bones, and an elder branch stripped of its bark is very bone-like. Common elders are seldom seen in cultivation. Elders are in the Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae).

Elder is sacred to the Celtic White Lady and the Summer Solstice. The Elder is a tree of Venus and is associated with the element of Air.
Early European legends tell of a dryad called Hylde-moer, The Elder Tree Mother, who lives in the Elder tree and watches over it. Should the tree be chopped down and furniture made of the wood, Hylde-moer would follow her property and haunt the owners.
Elder as a Vampire protection is older folklore than the lore about garlic.
It is said in Irish folklore that it is Elder which is used by witches for their magic “hobby horses” and besoms.
The Elder is also seen in a negative light by the Christian religion, since Judas allegedly hanged himself from an Elder tree and the cross used to crucify Jesus was supposed to be made of Elder.
According to the Rede; Elder is the Lady’s Tree, burn it not or cursed ye be!

1. Which Greek God wore a crown of ivy?
2. The Devil used thorns from which tree to prick his victims?
3. The Vine is a  ________  tree.
4. Pins of Slumber come from which tree?



Researcher & Author: Crick

Website: The Whispering Woods

Whispering Woods Ogham Course – Lesson 3 – Second Aicme

Whispering Woods Ogham Course
Lesson 3 – Second Aicme


2nd. Aicme

hÚath (OO-ah)

Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.)
Huath (HOO-ah), hawthorn – Like willows, hawthorns have many species in Europe, and they are not always easy to tell apart. All are thorny shrubs in the Rose family (Rosaceae), and most have whitish or pinkish flowers. The common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) and midland hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata) are both widespread. They are common in abandoned fields and along the edges of forests. Both are cultivated in North America, as are several native and Asiatic hawthorns.
Hawthorn is a druid sacred herb which is associated with the Summer Solstice.
Hawthorn is the classic flower used to decorate a maypole as it is considered to be a herb of fertility. At one time Beltain was once reckoned as the day the hawthorn first bloomed.
Hawthorn is sacred to the fairies, and is part of the tree fairy triad of Britain “Oak, Ash and Thorn” and where all three trees grow together it is said that one may see fairies.

Duir (DOO-r)

Oak (Quercus spp.)
Duir (DOO-r), oak – The oak of myth and legend is the common oak (Quercus robur L.).   It is sometimes called the great oak, which is a translation of its Latin name (‘robur’ is the root of the English word “robust”).

It grows in the lowland forests, and can reach a height of 150 feet and age of 800 years. Common oaks are deciduous, losing their leaves before Samhain and growing new leaves in the spring so that the trees are fully clothed by Beltane.

Common oaks are occasionally cultivated in North America. Oaks are members of the Beech family (Fagaceae).

In Scandinavia the oak is considered to be the tree of the Thunder God, Thor”.

Pliny writes that the Druids performed all their religious rites in oak-groves, where they gathered mistletoe from the trees with a golden sickle. The word “Druid” means wise man of the oak.

Strabo describes three Galatians tribes (Celts living in Asia Minor) as holding their councils at a place called, “Drunemeton”, the “oak grove sanctuary”. Druids of Gaul ate acorns as a way of divining the future.

Kildare, where St. Brighid founded her abbey, derives from “Cill-dara”, the Church of the Oak.
The sacrifice at Nemi took place at Summer Solstice, which brings us to the battle between the Oak King personifying the waxing wear, and the Holly King, who ruled the waning year.

At Midsummer, as the year began its turn towards the dark again, the Holly was victorious, but at Midwinter, the Oak King defeated the forces of darkness once again, revealing himself as a Vegetation God who must die each year so that Life can be renewed. It is not surprising, then, that images of the Green Man carved in wood and stone in mediaeval churches most frequently show oak leaves growing out of his ears and mouth.

In the Welsh story “Math, son of Mathonwy”. The hero Lleu is betrayed and killed, but after his “death” he turns into an eagle and perches atop a magical oak tree on a plain, where he suffered “nine-score hardships”.

In Cornwall, a nail driven into an oak cured toothache, while in Wales, rubbing the oak with the palm of your left hand on Midsummer’s Day kept you healthy all year.

Tinne (CHIN-yuh)

Holly (Ilex aquifolium)
Tinne (CHIN-yuh), holly – The holly is a shrub growing to 35 feet in open woodlands and along clearings in forests. Hollies are evergreen, and stand out in winter among the bare branches of the deciduous forest trees that surround them.

Hollies form red berries before Samhain which last until the birds finish eating them, often after Imbolc. Hollies are members of the Holly family (Aquifoliaceae).

The common holly is often cultivated in North America, as are hybrids between it and Asiatic holly species

The Holly or kerm-oak is the evergreen twin of the Oak and rules the dark or waning part of the year. The Sun-king is called the Holly King or Dark Successor (Tanist) in the Druid Calendar. The Oak and the Holly form the pillars of a bridge that crossed the “Rainbow River” flowing into the entrance of Gwynvyd.
The Romans, observed the custom of sending holly boughs, along with other gifts, to celebrate Saturnalia.
In Arthurian legend, Gawain (representing the Oak King of summer) fought the Green Knight, who was armed with a holly club to represent winter.

The holly is the plant badge of the Scottish clans of Drummond, Innes, Maclean, MacNab and Matheson.
Holly has been used throughout the ages as a protection against evil. It was also hung around houses as a protection against lightning.

 Coll (CULL)

Hazel (Corylus avellana)
Coll (CULL), hazel – The hazel is the source of hazelnuts. The wood of the hazel shrub has been used for centuries in the making of wands. It forms a shrub up to 20 feet tall, inhabiting open woodlands and scrubs, hedgerows, and the edges of forests. The filbert nut in North American is Corylus maxima, a related species.

The European hazelnut is cultivated in North America, primarily as an ornamental. Hazelnuts are in the Birch family (Betulaceae).

Hazel wood is one of the nine traditional firewood’s that is part of the Balefire, which the Druid’s burned at Beltane. Hazel is known as the tree of Wisdom. Staffs made of Hazel were once considered as a sign of authority among the Druids.

Celtic legend tell of a grove of Hazel trees below which was a well, a pool, where salmon swam. These trees contained all knowledge, and their fruit contained that knowledge and wisdom in a nutshell. As the hazelnuts ripened, they would fall into the well where they were eaten by the salmon. With each nut eaten, the salmon would gain another spot.

In order to gain the wisdom of the Hazel, the Druids caught and prepared the salmon. But Fionn, the young man stirring the pot in which the salmon were cooking, accidentally burned his thumb with the boiling stew. By reflex, he put his thumb into his mouth and thus ingested the essence of the sacred feast; he instantly gained the wisdom of the universe.

The Hazel is a tree that is considered sacred to the Faeries. A wand of hazel can be used to call the Fey forth. In Irish folklore, the Hazel tree was the home of “Bile Ratha”, the poetic fairy.

Quert (KWAIRT)

Apple  (Malus spp.)
Quert (KWAIRT), apple – When most of us think of apples, we think of the domestic apple, but the ogham tree was most likely the European crabapple (Malus sylvestris Miller). This tree grows to 30 feet in moist fertile soils in oak woodlands, and has been extensively cultivated. The fruits are small versions of the domestic apple, and also show the pentacle when cut across.

Cultivated crabapples in North America are usually Asian species, but this species is a common rootstock for apple trees. Apples are in the Rose family (Rosaceae).

The Common Apple or Wild Apple (Malus sylvestris) is native to Europe and Western Asia. Petrified remains of apple slices on saucers have been found in tombs dating back over 5,000 years.

In Scotland, the Crabapple is the plant badge of Clan Lamont, whose Highland territories were around Cornwall and Argyll.

In Norse tradition, the Apple is the tree of immortality. The Goddess Idunn was the keeper of the apples, which she fed the Norse Gods and Goddesses to keep them forever young. Apple wands were also used in Norse love rituals.

The Earth Goddess, Gaia, gave Hera, the Queen of Heaven, an apple tree when she married the Chief God, Zeus.

That tree was kept in the Garden of the Hesperides, guarded by the dragon, Ladon. One of Hercules’ tasks was to fetch an apple from that tree.

In Celtic tradition, the Otherworldly Avalon was also known as the Avallach, the Isle of Apples, ruled by Fairy Queen, Morgan le Fay.

This is the land of fairies and the dead, where King Arthur was taken to be healed by his sister, Morgan. Like their cousins to the North, the Celts attributed the power of healing and youth, or rebirth, to apples.
And when this course is over I expect a big, red juicy apple (grin).

Apples are sometimes buried in churchyards in an effort to feed the dead.

In the Welsh “Câd Goddeu” (The Battle of the Trees), the Apple is described as the noblest tree of them all, the tree that symbolized poetic immortality.

In the Irish Druid tradition, the Silver Bough is cut from a magical Apple tree, where silver apple shaped bells played a mystical tune, which could lull people into a trance state. Druids could make contact with the Otherworld during a trance enhanced by this silver apple bough.

The Druid Merlin was purported to work in a magical Apple Grove guarded by birds, revealed to him by his master, Gwendolleu.

He was said to receive the gift of prophecy from the Faerie Queen, conferred through the consumption of one of her magic apples. Merlin was also said to take shelter under an apple tree during his bout with madness.

Bards (poets) and Ovates (shamans) carried apple branches, (with bronze, silver, or gold bells), called the “Craobh Ciuil” (Branch of Reason) as symbols of their office.

1. The word Druid means ______   ___   ____.

2. The evergreen twin of the Oak is the ___________.

3. In the Câd Goddeu, the Apple tree is described as the _______ tree of them all.

4. Hawthorn is associated with the ________ ______.

Researcher & Author: Crick

Website: The Whispering Woods

Whispering Woods Ogham Course – Lesson Two – First Aicme

Whispering Woods Ogham Course
Lesson Two – First Aicme



The most familiar Ogham system in use today is the Tree Ogham. The Tree Ogham is split up into; eight Chieftain Trees, eight peasant trees and eight shrub trees. In lessons two through five we will take a look at each group of five and their associations. We can develop a deeper understanding of each letter by understanding its connections with each tree.
1st Aicme:
Ogham Symbol Sound/Letter Name Associated Tree
Beith – pronounced (BETH) Birch (Betula pendula Roth)
Beth (BEH), birch – The silver birch is the most common birch in much of Europe. It is one of the first trees to colonize an area after a mature forest is harvested; this is probably a large part of its symbolic connection with new beginnings. It grows up to 100 feet high, but is more often found in spreading clumps on sandy soils. The common birch (B. pubescens Ehrh.) is almost as widespread as the silver birch, but grows primarily on acid or peaty soils; it can reach 65 feet in height.
The word “birch” derives from a root meaning ‘bright’ or ‘shining’ Because of its connection to renewal; the birch has been utilized in many cultures. In Scandinavia, switches of birch are used on the body to stimulate the process of purification in the sauna. In ancient Britain the birch rod was used as a rod to purify the criminal of their misdeeds, and in some cases it was used to expel evil spirits from those deemed insane.In many cultures, including the Shamanic beliefs, the birch is seen as the “Axis Mundi”, (Cosmic World Tree). Often, baby cradles were made out of birch because of its power to drive out evil influences and its association with renewal.
Luis – pronounced (LWEESH) Rowan (Sorbus aucuparia)
Luis (LWEESH), rowan – the rowan, or mountain ash is related to serviceberries. The red berries were historically used to lure birds into traps, and the specific epithet “aucupari’a” comes from words meaning “to catch a bird”. Rowans thrive in poor soils and colonize disturbed areas. In some parts of Europe they are most common around ancient settlements, either because of their weedy nature or because they were introduced by humans. Rowans flower in May. They grow to 50 feet and are members of the Rose family (Rosaceae). They are cultivated in North America, especially in the northeast.
The rowan is sometimes called “the Whispering Tree” because it is thought that the tree held secrets. The rowan is also associated with protection against witchcraft and bad luck. Rowan twigs were placed above doorways and barns to protect the inhabitants against misfortune and evil spirits.
Rowan stakes were driven into corpses to stop their ghosts from visiting, especially when they died from acts of violence. The Druids used rowan fires with incantations to summon spirits to help them portend in forthcoming battles.
Scottish tradition does not allow the use of the Rowan tree’s timber, bark, leaves or flowers, nor the cutting of these trees, except for sacred purposes under extenuating circumstances.
Rowan is also called the Witch Tree, or Wicken Tree, and can be used for divining precious metals.
Fearn – pronounced (FAIR-n) Alder (Alnus glutinosa Gaertner)
Fearn (FAIR-n), alder – The common alder is often found along lowland rivers, where it grows with aspens and willows. Like willows, alders sprout from stumps–this allows them to regenerate after heavy flooding. In protected sites they may grow to 65 feet tall. Their leaves are more blunt-tipped than most North American alders, which look more like the grey alder (A. incana (L.) Moench). Like ashes, European alders are not widely cultivated in North American (they are often sold as black alders), but several native species are. Alders are members of the Birch family (Betulaceae).
The old superstition of “whistling up the wind” comes from making a whistle out of Alder.
Alder figures into a couple of ancient mythologies. Scandinavian mythology tells us the first woman was fashioned from an Alder trunk. In Irish mythology the first man was said to be made from an Alder.
The Alder is known as the “King of the Fairies”.
In Homer’s Odyssey Alder is named the first of the three trees of resurrection. The two other are White Poplar and Cypress.
In Denmark and Germany, the spirit of the Alder tree was said to carry children off to the Otherworld. An example of this belief can be found in Goethe’s ballad “The Erl-konig” (The Alder King).
Sail – pronounced (SHAiLuh) Willow (Salix spp.)
Saille (SAHL-yuh), willow – Like North America, Europe is home to a large number of willow species Two common tree willows are the white willow (Salix alba) named for the whitish undersides of its leaves, and the crack willow (Salix fragilis) for the propensity of its branches to “crack” off (probably another adaptation to flooding). Both species grow along with poplars and alders along lowland rivers. They can reach 80 feet in height, and they both vigorously sprout from stumps. The white willow is sometimes grown in cultivation in North America. Willows are members of the Willow family (Salicaceae).
The Willow is often the symbol for the Ovate Grade of Druid. According to Druidic mysteries, two scarlet snake eggs were hidden within the Willow. The Universe was hatched from these two eggs, one containing the Sun, the other the Earth, relating to both cosmic birth and the birth of mankind. Traditionally, in spring rituals, these were replaced by hen’s eggs, colored scarlet for the Sun and eaten at Beltane. This rite later became the Christian celebration of Easter.
In Sumer, 4000 BCE, Ishtar’s predecessor, Belili, was known as the Willow Mother.
Orpheus, the poet, was said to have received his Gift by touching the Willows in a grove sacred to Persephone. Brighid has Her Fire festival, Imbolc, or Brigantia, during the Willow month
The Willow tree has been associated with death, grief and cemeteries, the leaves themselves symbolizing unrequited love or the loss of a lover. The leaf has also been worn as a charm to protect against jealousy.
Willow has been used in the Sacred Pipes and the tobacco blends of many Native Americans because it is thought that it is most effective in carrying messages to the Great Spirit.
Nion – (NEE-uhn) Ash (Fraxinus excelsior)
Nion (NEE-uhn), Ash is a major tree of lowland forests in much of Europe, along with oaks and beeches. It grows to 130 feet in open sites, with a broad crown reminiscent of American elm trees. Ash was and still is an important timber tree, and is a traditional material for the handle of a besom; it is also a popular wood for wands. The common ash is occasionally cultivated in North America, and similar native ash species are widely grown as street trees. Ashes are members of the Olive family (Oleaceae).
The wood of the Ash is thought to be enchanted and was used by the Druids to fashion wands and spears.
At one time, children would be passed through the branches of an Ash in order that they might be protected and to cure them from illness. Ash leaves were placed under pillows to induce prophetic dreams or placed in bowls of water to ward off ailments.
The Celts believed that the Ash originated in the Great Deep or the Undersea Land of Tethys. It belongs to the trilogy of sacred Irish trees (the other two being the Oak and Hawthorn) and is said to offer particular protection from death by drowning.
The seeds of the Ash have long been used in love divination. If the seeds did not appear on a certain tree, then its owner was thought to have been unlucky in love or a future venture would be unsuccessful.
In Northern England, it was believed that if a woman placed an Ash leaf in her left shoe, then she would be fortunate enough to immediately meet her future spouse. In Greece, the Ash was sacred to the Sea God Poseidon.
In Norse mythology, the Ash is known as “Yggdrasil” (Cosmic World Tree). It was from this tree that Odin hung upside down from for nine days in order to obtain the runes. Also in Norse legend, it was an Ash which spanned the universe, with its roots in Hel and its boughs supporting the Heavens and Earth at its center.
In Celtic lore, the Ash connected the three circles of existence; Abred, Gwynedd and Ceugant.
1. Stakes from which tree was used to stop ghosts from visiting?

2. The Celts believe that the Ash originated from where?

3. Whistling up the wind is associated with which tree?

4. Bright or shining refers to which tree?


Researcher & Author: Crick

Website: The Whispering Woods

Whispering Woods Ogham Course

Since the last two days have been so screwed up. We have decided to give all our precious family members & friends a special treat, an Ogham Course. This is just the first of two courses we will be providing today. The second course is a tie between a Basic Rune course or a Comprehensive Crystal course. Both are wonderful course and provided by our dear friend, Crick. He has given us permission to publish these courses on our site. For that I am deeply grateful. If you enjoy the course, stop by at The Whispering Woods and leave Crick a thank you for being so generous with his research.

Now let’s being our course in Ogham…..

Whispering Woods Ogham Course


The Ogham alphabet consists of twenty distinct letters which are known as “feda”. They are arranged in four series called aicmí (plural of aicme “family”).  Each aicme was named after its first character (Aicme Beithe, Aicme hÚatha, Aicme Muine, Aicme Ailme, or “the B Group”, “the H Group”, “the M Group” and “the A Group”).

The Ogham Tract also gives a variety of around 100 variant or secret modes of writing Ogham (92 in the Book of Ballymote), for example the “Shield Ogham” (ogam airenach, nr. 73). Even the Younger Futhark is introduced as a kind of “Viking Ogham” (nrs. 91, 92). The Druids of yore were said to be very efficient at Ogham writing and signing.


Researcher & Author: Crick

Website: The Whispering Woods

WOTC Extra (b) – Blessing The Bones For Use

Blessing The Bones For Use


Before you begin reading the bones, you should cleanse and consecrate them. This is very easy using an old world technique that I have used since I was a child. Here is a list of items you will need to bless your set –

Bowl of Spring Water

Small pinch of Salt

Bowl of Dirt

Incense – Sandalwood is traditional

Piece of bread – For an offering to the spirits

White Candle

Your Bone Set

Pouch or Bowl to store the bones

On your altar, or any table, gather the above items. Light the incense. Pause and let the scent linger for a minute.

Then light the Candle saying the

following –

Flame of wisdom, burn

bright in my soul. Guide me

to all that is, was, and what

shall be. May the spirits

attend and touch me with

their sight. Selah.

Combine the salt and water saying –

Waters of knowing, blesser

of all that you touch, be

enlivened by this being of the divine.

Together you bring the spirits, and together

you give life. Selah.

With your power hand (Right if right handed, left if left handed) sprinke a very small amount of the water/ salt mixture over your bone set saying –

Tools of the spirits, you are cleansed,

blessed, and empowered.

Upon the web of life you will tell

me the secrets and illumine all. Selah.

Lay the bones upon the dirt and say –

Creature of the earth, Flesh of the first Mother,

bless and empower these tools of the spirits.

Let nothing above or below the earth remain

hidden to my sight. Selah.

Gather up your bone set into your hands and pass them through the incense saying –

Into you, tools of the spirits, does the breath of life come.

Through the eyes of flesh do you open the veil to all worlds.

Breath deep the scent of power and grant me good vision. Selah.

Lay your bones down and hold the piece of bread to the air saying –

To you spirits I make this offering.

Accept it with my love and thanks.

Bless me with the sight and grant the

knowledge of all as the bones fall.

To my eyes and soul let nothing hide.

Blessings be upon you all and to

your obodes I wish peace. Selah.

Blow out the candle and let the incense burn to its end. Place your bones in their pouch or bowl and either leave them on your altar, or put them somewhere safe awaiting your next consultation. Take the piece of bread out to a tree and leave it for the spirits.

Casting Cloth – 12 inches by 12 inches. Draw a large circle intersected by an X on the cloth. Designate each section as North, East, South, and West. This is based on my tradition, so the directions are a bit different that the common definitions.



Bare Bones Cunning Crafte: An Arcanus Chapter Book (Arcanus Chapter Book Series 1)

David MacKenzie

WOTC Extra (a) – Meaning of the Bones

Meaning of the Bones


Large Bone – Male aspects – Strength, Control, Aggressiveness, Father

Medium Bone – Female aspects – Nurturing, Healing, Intuitiveness, Receptiveness, Mother

Predator Bone (Wolf Bone) – Cunning, Being on the hunt

Deer Foot Bone – Be watchful, trying to trick you, Ready to Make a move

Coyote Tooth – Someone is trying to trick you, A Fight, Lies

Snake Vertebrae – Sex, cycles, Rejuvenation, Passion

Chicken Bone – Bad luck, Death, Negative aspects, a loss

Cowrie Shell – Communication if open mouthed, Lack of communication if closed mouth

Key – Doors open or locked

Green stone or Amber – Money, Finances, Things of value




Bare Bones Cunning Crafte: An Arcanus Chapter Book (Arcanus Chapter Book Series 1)

David MacKenzie



Bone Magick

Bone Magick


Bone Magick works directly with the spirits and requires a great commitment by the practitioner. One you have your set gathered, you are bound to it even unto death and must make preparations for the set to be buried with you or you must pass on the set to a successor.

Collecting bones can be an adventure of self discovery and intuitiveness. It can sometimes take years to find all of the “right” bones for your set. This is a personal pursuit and some may find their perfect collection right away, but don’t be discouraged by the time it takes. It will all come to the correct conclusion for you as directed by the spirits. My bone set is of various objects that have meaning to me. You can make your own set with specific meanings as well, or you may use the list that I have provided here. Some add items for everything that could occur in a persons life. This can make for a VERY large set and, in my opinion, become unmanageable. I have seen Root Worker sets that have as many as thirty items. It is up to you, but from my experience, ten to fifteen objects is more than enough to account for every eventuality. I utilize bones and objects that are small enough to fit into my cupped hands and into a small pouch. This makes transport and reading much easier. My largest bone is approx an inch and a half to two inches. I use that as my guide on the rest of the objects that I collect and add to my system. As this is a very personal method, you may wish to include other objects with significance. Be fluid and do what feels right. You can never go wrong with your intuition.

What follows is my bone set and how I intuit their meanings. Also, I give my ritual for empowerment as well as instruction on how to cast and read them. I hope your adventure into this ancient oracle is rewarding and carries you unto deeper investigation into the great world of the spirits.



Bare Bones Cunning Crafte: An Arcanus Chapter Book (Arcanus Chapter Book Series 1)

David MacKenzie


Nuin/Ash, Feb. 18 – March 17

Divination: Magic, peace

About Nuin / Ash

Tree- Ash
Month- March
Color- Green
Letter- N
Class- Chieftain
Animal- Snake, snipe
Planet: Neptune
Gemstone: Coral
Flower: Wood Anemone
Diety: Lir, the sea-god and Gwydion The Magician.
Ash: (Nion: NEE-uhn) Nuin. Battle of Draiocht Prosperity/Harm Nua/Nuin/Hardihood. Feminine — Moon of Waters . The fifth tree and its latin name is fraxinus meaning firelight. The Ash is also known as the Cosmic Ash, or World Tree. It is said to be an ancestor of humankind. In Greece powerful families were believed to have come from ash trees. In Celtic cosmology, it is said to connect the three circles of existence – Abred, Gwynedd and Ceugant – which can be variously interpreted as past, present and future, or as confusion, balance and creative force; there being no hell, but only continual rebirth as passage is made from circle to circle until the Land of the Blessed is finally reached.

The common ash is a major tree of the lowland forests in much of Europe & is considered an important timber tree. It is the traditional material for the handle of a besom & a popular wood for making wands.The Ash tree has the toughest, most elastic wood & is used in weaver’s beams. The women would weave cloth and intermingling threads together in a tight pattern as the microcosm and the macrocosm are united. The bark of the ash can be used as a substitute for quinine in intermittent fevers. Simmer 2 Tablespoons of bark for 20 minutes in one cup of water. Take a quarter cup four times daily. The leaves have a laxative effect. Steep 2 Tablespoons of the leaf in one cup of water for 20 minutes & take a quarter cup daily. The Ash tree symbolizes the linking of the inner and outer worlds. You may feel locked in or bound but this aids in realizing that all things are connected. Magickal Associations: Prosperity, protection, healing. Healing wands and protective staffs are made of ash. If you bury a newborn’s nail trimmings beneath an ash tree, it is said to ensure that he or she will grow up to be a good singer.

Physical: You and the world are interconnected & your actions echo continually, infinitely in the cosmos, so stay aware of the effects of your actions.
Mental:Your problems or questions do not solely belong to you. Many others have these same qualms & musings, so try & look at the question in a broader sense and ask opinions of others.
Spiritual: Try your best to realize & understand that all things are connected. Balance your needs with the Earth’s.