Long considered a harbinger of bad luck, Friday the 13th has inspired a late 19th-century secret society, an early 20th-century novel, a horror film franchise and not one but two unwieldy terms—paraskavedekatriaphobia and friggatriskaidekaphobia—that describe fear of this supposedly unlucky day.
The Fear of 13
Just like walking under a ladder, crossing paths with a black cat or breaking a mirror, many people hold fast to the belief that Friday the 13th brings bad luck. Though it’s uncertain exactly when this particular tradition began, negative superstitions have swirled around the number 13 for centuries.
- The Fear of 13
- Why is Friday the 13th Unlucky?
- The Thirteen Club
- Friday the 13th in Pop Culture
- What Bad Things Happened on Friday 13th?
Friday the 13th is thought by many to be the unluckiest day in the Gregorian calendar. Here are 13 facts about this day of ill repute.
1. It’s Unclear Why It Is Feared
Very little is known about the origins of the day’s notoriety. Some historians believe that the superstitions surrounding it arose in the late 19th century. The first documented mention of the day can be found in a biography of Italian composer Gioachino Rossini, who died on a Friday the 13th. A 1907 book, Friday the Thirteenth, by American businessman Thomas Lawson, may have further perpetuated the superstition.
Others believe that the myth has Biblical origins. Jesus was crucified on a Friday, and there were 13 guests at the Last Supper the night before his crucifixion.
The 7 days of the week
Another account suggests that the day has been associated with misfortune since 1307 when on a Friday the 13th, the French king gave the orders to arrest hundreds of Knights Templar in France.
History behind Friday the 13th
2. Yet, the Fear Is Very Real
So real that one scientific name wasn’t enough. The fear of Friday the 13th is also called friggatriskaidekaphobia or paraskevidekatriaphobia. Now say that 10 times really fast!
Friggatriskaidekaphobia comes from Frigg, the Norse goddess of wisdom after whom Friday is named, and the Greek words triskaideka, meaning 13, and phobia, meaning fear. Paraskevidekatriaphobia is also derived from Greek: paraskeví translates as Friday, and dekatria is another way of saying 13.
Being wary of Friday the 13th is much more than a quaint superstition observed by a few uneducated people in distant, unreachable towns and hamlets. In the United States alone, it is estimated that between 17 and 21 million people dread that date to the extent that it can be officially classified as a phobia.
So why is Friday the 13th considered such an “evil” day?
The origins aren’t perfectly clear, but we do know that both Friday and, separately, the number 13 have long been considered unlucky and it was around the late 19th century that the first documented instances started popping up of people putting the two together to form the unluckiest day of all.
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Current Moon Phase
SUNDAY, AUGUST 18, 2019
Tommorow the Moon will be in a Waning Gibbous Phase. This is the first phase after the Full Moon occurs. It lasts roughly 7 days with the Moon’s illumination growing smaller each day until the Moon becomes a Last Quarter Moon with a illumination of 50%. The average Moon rise for this phase is between 9am and Midnight depending on the age of the phase. The moon rises later and later each night setting after sunrise in the morning. During this phase the Moon can also be seen in the early morning daylight hours on the western horizon.
Phase: Waning Gibbous
Moon Age: 17.44 days
Moon Angle: 0.49
Moon Distance: 404,659.15 km
Sun Angle: 0.53
Sun Distance: 151,418,113.31 km
You can use this link to go forward or backward in time for Moon phase information. If you are curious you can even find out what phase the Moon was in when you or anyone else you know was on the date the person was born.
If you were wondering if today is a holiday somewhere, yes, it is! It always is. Here are today’s holidays:
|Aymara New Year Day holiday
|Day of Antifascist Struggle
|Remembrance Day of Victims of the Great Patriotic War
|National Chocolate Eclair Day
|National HVAC Tech Day
|National Onion Rings Day
Historical Events on June 22
- 1774: The Quebec Act is passed by Great Britain. This act establishes the governing rules for the Quebec colony in British North America.
- 1783: A poisonous cloud arrives in Le Havre, France. This cloud was produced by the eruption of Laki Volcano in Iceland and had been carried by wind currents.
- 1807: During the Chesapeake Leopard Affair, the American frigate the USS Chesapeake is attacked and boarded by the British warship the HMS Leopard.
- 1813: During the War of 1812, Laura Secord embarks on a 18.6 mile journey -all on foot – to warn Lieutenant Jame FitzGibbon when she learns of the plans for an American attack on Beaver Dams in Ontario.
- 1825: Feudalism and seigneurialism is abolished by the British Parliament in British controlled North America.
- 1870: The United States Congress creates the U.S Department of Justice on this date.
- 1898: During the Spanish American War, the 5thS Army Corps lands in Cuba.
- 1918: A train carrying the Hammond Circus crashed near Hammond, Indiana on this date. Almost 130 people are injured and over 85 people are killed.
- 1942: After capturing Tobruk, Erwin Rommel is promoted to the rank of Field Marshal.
- 1942: The United States Congress officially adopts the Pledge of Allegiance.
- 1944: The Servicemen’s Readjustment Act – now known as the G.I. Bill – is signed into law by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- 1945: The Battle of Okinawa concludes.
- 1978: James W. Christy discovers Charon, Pluto’s satellite, at the U.S Naval Observatory.
Famous Birthdays on June 22
- American actress Marguerite De La Motte is born in 1902.
- American criminal John Dillinger is born in 1903.
- American pilot and author, Anne Morrow Lindbergh is born in 1906.
- American singer and producer, Alan Osmond is born in 1949.
- American actress and singer, Meryl Streep is born in 1949.
- American actress Lindsay Wagner is born in 1949.
- American politician Elizabeth Warren is born in 1949.
- American actress Amy Brenneman is born in 1964.
- American author Dan Brown is born in 1964.
- French actress Emmanuelle Seigner is born in 1966.