August 3 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1492 Christopher Columbus sets sail on his first voyage with three ships, Santa María, Pinta and Niña from Palos de la Frontera, Spain for the “Indies”

1596 David Fabricius discovers light variation of Mira (1st variable star)

1914 Germany invades Belgium and declares war on France, beginning World War I

1934 Adolf Hitler merges the offices of German Chancellor and President, declaring himself “Führer” (leader)

1972 US Senate ratifies the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with the Soviet Union to limit the use of missile systems capable of defending against missile-delivered nuclear weapons

Today’s Historical Events

8 Roman Empire general Tiberius defeats Dalmatians on the river Bathinus

435 Deposed Patriarch of Constantinople Nestorius, considered the originator of Nestorianism, exiled by Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II to a monastery in Egypt

881 Battle at Saucourt: French King Louis III beats the Vikings

1108 Louis VI, “the Fat One,” King of France, crowned at the cathedral in Orléans after his half brother prevents him reaching Reims

1312 Power of Luik Patriarch murders over 200

1492 Christopher Columbus sets sail on his first voyage with three ships, Santa María, Pinta and Niña from Palos de la Frontera, Spain for the “Indies”

1527 First known letter sent from North America by John Rut while at St. John’s, Newfoundland

1529 “Peace of the Ladies” (Treaty of Cambrai) made between Holy Roman Empire and the French, negotiated by Louise of Savoy and Margaret of Austria

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1940 German occupiers forbid ritual slaughters & English & French movies

1989 22nd San Diego Comic-Con International opens at Omni Hotel

1992 Paramount inaugurates New York Street on TV/movie lot

1992 “Unforgiven” directed by Clint Eastwood and starring Clint Eastwood, Gene Hackman and Morgan Freeman premieres in Los Angeles (Academy Awards Best Picture 1993)

1995 CNN en Espanol premieres

2001 “The Princess Diaries”, starring Anne Hathaway in her film debut, is released nationwide

2008 Morgan Freeman is injured in an automobile accident near Ruleville, Mississippi, when his car flipped over several times on the highway

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1829 Gioachino Rossini‘s last and greatest opera “Guillaume Tell” (William Tell) premieres at Salle Le Peletier in Paris

1897 John McNally’s musical “Good Mr Best” premieres in NYC

1963 “No Strings” closes at 84th St Theater NYC after 580 performances

1963 Beatles final performance at Cavern Club in Liverpool

1966 South African government bans Beatle records

1968 100,000 attend two-day Newport Pop Festival in Costa Mesa, California; performers included Alice Cooper, Canned Heat, The Chambers Brothers, Country Joe and the Fish, Paul Butterfield Blues Band, Sonny & Cher, Steppenwolf, Tiny Tim, The Animals, Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, Quicksilver Messenger Service, and The Byrds

1971 Paul McCartney announces formation of his group Wings

1974 “Little Night Music” closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 601 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1852 America’s first intercollegiate sporting event takes place as the Harvard heavyweight rowing crew beats Yale by 2 lengths over 2 miles on Lake Winnipesaukee, New Hampshire

1881 US National Lawn Tennis Association removes “National” from its name

1906 Washington Nationals’ Tom Hughes becomes first MLB pitcher to win a 1-0 extra innings game off his own home run in 10th v St. Louis Browns

1909 MLB umpire Tim Hurst instigates a riot by spitting in the face of A’s 2nd baseman Eddie Collins who had questioned a call; 2 weeks later Hurst banned for life

1914 NY Yankees catcher Les Nunamaker throws out 3 Tigers’ runners to 2nd base during the 1st innings, only time in 20th Century

1921 MLB Commissioner Kenesaw Landis hands out life bans to 8 Chicago White Sox players accused in Black Sox scandal despite their acquittal by a Chicago jury

1923 Baseball games cancelled following the death of US President Warren G. Harding

1924 Dutch track cyclist Piet Moeskops wins his 4th consecutive UCI world sprint championship in Paris

July 31 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

30 BC Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves minor victory over Octavian, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to Octavian’s invasion of Egypt

1620 Pilgrim Fathers depart Leiden, Netherlands for England on their way to America

1917 World War I: Battle of Passchendaele (Third Battle of Ypres) begins, goes on to cause approximately 500,000 casualties

1961 Israel welcomes its one millionth immigrant

2007 Operation Banner, the presence of the British Army in Northern Ireland, and longest-running British Army operation ever, comes to an end

Today’s Historical Events

30 BC Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves minor victory over Octavian, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to Octavian’s invasion of Egypt

432 St Sixtus III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

768 [Philip] begins and ends his reign as Catholic Pope

781 The oldest recorded eruption of Mt. Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: July 6, 781)

1291 Egyptian Mamelukken occupies Akko, crusaders driven out of Palestine

1415 The Southampton plot to assassinate English king Henry V and put Edmund Mortimer on the throne is uncovered

1423 Hundred Years’ War: Battle of Cravant – the French army is defeated by the English on the banks of the river Yonne in Burgundy

  • 1451 Jacques Cœur is arrested by order of Charles VII of France

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1912 US government prohibits movies and photos of prize fights (censorship)

1955 KRNT (now KCCI) TV channel 8 in Des Moines, Iowa (CBS) 1st broadcast

1955 WHIS (now WVVA) TV channel 6 in Bluefield, West Virginia (NBC) 1st broadcast

1960 KSOO (now KSFY) TV channel 13 in Sioux Falls, SD (NBC) 1st broadcast

1969 KWIH TV channel 44 in Winona, MN (IND) begins broadcasting

1970 Chet Huntley retires from NBC, ends “Huntley-Brinkley Report”

1974 6th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel

1984 Leeza Gibbon’s 1st appearance on Entertainment Tonight

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1786 “Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish dialect” by Robert Burns is published by John Wilson in Kilmarnock, Scotland

1948 “Brigadoon” closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 581 performances

1959 Cliff Richard and the Shadows have their 1st British No. 1 single with “Living’ Doll” (biggest British single of 1959)

1966 Alabamans burn Beatle products due to John Lennon‘s anti-Jesus remark

1967 Rolling Stone Mick Jagger and Keith Richards end 1 month jail sentence

1968 The Beatles close Apple Boutique in London, giving clothes away for free

1979 “But Never Jam Today” opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 7 performances

1980 John Phillips of Mamas and Papas is arrested on drug charges

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1910 Tour de France: Octave Lapize of France wins by just 4 points from Team Alcyon teammate François Faber of Luxembourg

1928 Halina Konopacka of Poland hurls discus world record 39.62m to win first gold medal in women’s Olympic athletics at the Amsterdam Games; American Lillian Copeland and Ruth Sveberg of Sweden take minor medals

1928 In the first women’s Olympic track event, American sprinter Elizabeth Robinson equals her own world record 12.2s to win 100m gold medal in Amsterdam; Canadians Fanny Rosenfeld & Ethel Smith dead-heat (12.3s)

1930 NY Yankees first baseman Lou Gehrig drives in 8 runs with a grand slam and 2 doubles in a 14-13 win over the rival Boston Red Sox

1932 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Paris, France: Home team wins 6th straight title as Jean Borotra beats American Wilmer Allison 1-6, 3-6, 6-4, 6-2, 7-5 for unassailable 3-1 lead; ends 3-2

1932 Cleveland Indians christen their new home, Municipal Stadium before more than 76,000 fans; lose opener, 1-0 to the Philadelphia A’s

1932 26th Tour de France: French cyclist André Leducq wins after tallying 6 stage victories; his second Tour triumph (1930)

1934 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: Fred Perry beats American Frank Shields 6-4, 4-6, 6-2, 15-13 to give Great Britain unassailable 3-1 lead to retain title; ends 4-1

July 30 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1178 Frederick I (Barbarossa), Holy Roman Emperor, crowned King of Burgundy

1419 First defenestration of Prague: anti-Catholic Hussites, followers of executed reformer Jan Hus, storm Prague town hall and throw the judge, mayor and several city council members out the windows. They die in the fall or killed by crowd outside.

1619 House of Burgesses Virginia forms, 1st elective American governing body

1863 Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah

1869 The Charles, considered the world’s first “oil tanker”, departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil

1935 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution

1937 Russian Politburo issues NKVD Order no. 00447, to repress former kulak and anti-soviets, 269,100 to be arrested, 76,000 to be shot. Part of the Great Purge.

Today’s Historical Events

101 BC Battle of Vercellae: Roman army under Gaius Marius defeats the Cimbri in Cisalpine Gaul, ending the Celto-Germanic threat on Italy’s border with over 100,000 Cimbri killed

579 Benedict I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

657 St Vitalian begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Eugene I

762 City of Baghdad founded by abbasid caliph Al-Mansur, just north of ancient Baghdad

1178 Frederick I (Barbarossa), Holy Roman Emperor, crowned King of Burgundy

1419 First defenestration of Prague: anti-Catholic Hussites, followers of executed reformer Jan Hus, storm Prague town hall and throw the judge, mayor and several city council members out the windows. They die in the fall or killed by crowd outside.

1537 Resistant of Bomy: French Dutch cease fire

1601 Spanish garrison of Rhine birch surrenders to Earl Mauritius

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1930 1st broadcast of “Death Valley Days” on NBC-radio

1948 Professional wrestling premieres on prime-time network TV (DuMont)

1953 Rikidōzan holds a ceremony announcing the establishment of the Japan Pro Wrestling Alliance

1969 Barbra Streisand opens for Liberace at International Hotel, Las Vegas

1969 KAEC TV channel 19 in Lufkin, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting

1975 7th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel

1976 Future TV personality (‘Keeping Up with the Kardashians’) and transgender figure, Bruce Jenner (now Caitlin Jenner) sets WR 8,618 points to win decathlon gold at Montreal Olympics

1977 “I Just Want to Be Your Everything” by Andy Gibb reaches number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1792 500 Marseillaisian men sing France’s national anthem for 1st time

1824 Gioachino Rossini becomes manager of Theatre Italian, Paris

1954 Elvis Presley joins the Memphis Federation of Musicians, Local 71

1965 Charles Ives‘ “From the Steeples & the Mountains” premieres

1965 Duke Ellington‘s “Golden Brown & the Green Apple” premieres

1966 Beatles’ “Yesterday… & Today” album goes #1 & stays #1 for 5 weeks

1971 George Harrison releases single “Bangladesh”

1972 “Ain’t Supposed to Die Death” closes at Barrymore NYC after 325 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1844 1st US yacht club – NY Yacht Club organized by John Cox Stevens and 8 friends aboard the Gimcrack

1874 1st baseball teams to play outside US, Boston-Philadelphia in British Isles

1884 Nonpareil Dempsey [John Edward Kelly] fights George Fulljames, possibly the 1st middleweight fight with boxing gloves

1905 3rd Tour de France won by Louis Trousselier of France

1908 Around the World Automobile Race ends in Paris

1909 John Heyder becomes president of baseball’s National League

1911 9th Tour de France won by Gustave Garrigou of France

1930 1st FIFA World Cup Final, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo, Uruguay: Uruguay beats Argentina, 4-2 in the inaugural event

July 29 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1588 The Battle of Gravelines – Spanish Armada damaged and scattered by the English fleet

1609 Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs at Ticonderoga, New York setting the stage for French-Iroquois conflicts for the next 150 years

1848 Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt – an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule put down by police

1905 US Secretary of War William Howard Taft makes secret agreement with Japanese Prime Minister Katsura agreeing to Japanese free rein in Korea in return for non-interference with the US in the Philippines

1921 Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party

1949 Moscow ends the blockade of West Berlin

Today’s Historical Events

362 Emperor Julianus of Constantinople’s “School Edict” prohibited Christian teachers from using pagan literature which were standard texts for classical education at the time

626 Avars under khagan Bajan begin siege of Constantinople (fails, preserving the eastern Roman empire)

904 Thessalonica is sacked by Saracen pirates led by renegade Leo of Tripoli

1014 Battle of Strumitsa-valley: Byzantine destroys Bulgarian armies

1030 Battle of Stiklestad – Norwegian King Olaf II killed trying to reclaim the throne. One of the most famous Norwegian battles

1179 Lando Sittino proclaimed (anti-)pope Innocent III

1221 Emperor Go-Horikawa aged only 10 years old ascends to the Chrysanthemum Throne of Japan

1279 Five emissaries dispatched by Kublai Khan from the Mongol Yuan dynasty are beheaded by Japan

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1928 Test footage first created for Walt Disney‘s “Steamboat Willie” with Mickey Mouse

1954 Publication of “Fellowship of the Ring” 1st volume of “Lord of the Rings” by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London

1956 WCKT (now WSVN) TV channel 7 in Miami, Florida (IND) begins broadcasting

1957 Jack Paar‘s “The Tonight show” premieres on NBC

1965 Beatles movie “Help” premieres, Queen Elizabeth attends

1983 “Friday Night Videos” premieres on NBC TV

1988 South African government bans anti-apartheid film “Cry Freedom”

1992 Ray Sharkey, actor (Wiseguys), arrested for narcotic possession

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1961 Bob Dylan is injured in car accident

1966 Bob Dylan hurt in motorcycle accident near Woodstock, New York

1973 Led Zeppelin has more than $200,000 in cash stolen from a safety-deposit box at the New York Hilton

1980 David Bowie stars in dramatic stage play “The Elephant Man” at the Auditorium Theater in Denver, Colorado

1987 Ben & Jerry’s and Jerry Garcia agree on new flavor: Cherry Garcia

1992 “Chinese Coffee” closes at Circle in the Square Theater, NYC, after 18 performances

1994 American minister and anti-abortionist Paul Jennings Hill murders Dr. John Britton and Britton’s bodyguard, retired Air Force Lieutenant Colonel James Barrett, outside of an abortion clinic in Pensacola, Florida

2019 Record for longest run at the top of US singles chart made by country rap single “Old Town Road” by Lil Nas X remixed with Billy Ray Cyrus, No. 1 for 17 weeks

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1751 1st international world title prize fight: Jack Stack of England, beats challenger M. Petit of France in 29 mins in England

1874 Major Walter Copton Wingfield patents a portable tennis court

1899 Southern California Golf Association forms

1906 4th Tour de France won by René Pottier of France

1908 St Louis Browns’ future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Rube Waddell strikes out 16 Philadelphia A’s in 5-4 win against his previous team at Sportsman’s Park II, St. Louis

1911 Boston Red Sox Joe Wood no-hits St Louis Browns, 5-0

1915 Pirate Honus Wagner at 41, hits a grand slam HR

1921 Cleveland’s 125th anniversary celebration: Cy Young, 54, pitches 2 inn

July 28 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1794 French Revolutionary figure Maximilien robespierre and 22 other leaders of “the Terror” guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris

1914 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia – first declaration of war of WWI

1917 Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-Americans who march on 5th Ave in NYC to protest against lynching

1943 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians

1976 Tangshan Earthquake, 8.2 in magnitude kills over 240,000 Northern China in the largest loss of life from an earthquake in the 20th century

2005 The Provisional Irish Republican Army call an end to their thirty year long armed campaign in Northern Ireland

Today’s Historical Events

388 Battle at Aquileja: Emperor Theodosius beats emperor Magnus Maximis

754 Pope Stephen II, [III] makes Pippin de Korte, King of France

1148 Second Crusade: Crusaders abandon their siege of Damascus

1330 Battle of Velbuzd: Serbian forces defeats Bulgarian army

1434 Navigator Gil Eanes leaves Cape Bojador for Lisbon

1579 Cardinal Granvelle returns to Madrid

1586 Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe on return to England

1609 Admiral George Somers settles in Bermuda

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1932 “White Zombie” – 1st feature length zombie film directed by Victor Halperin and starring Bela Lugosi is released in the US

1951 Walt Disney‘s animated musical film “Alice In Wonderland” released

1954 “On the Waterfront”, directed by Elia Kazan starring Marlon Brando and Eva Marie Saint, is released (Academy Awards Best Picture 1955)

1957 Jerry Lee Lewis makes his 1st TV appearance (Steve Allen Show)

1971 Dutch ends censorship of “Blue Movie”

2014 Linda Ronstadt receives the National Medal of Arts from President Barack Obama in a White House ceremony. [1]

2019 Meghan Duchess of Sussex, revealed as the first guest editor for UK Vogue in 103 years for its September 2019 issue

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1914 Foxtrot 1st danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden, in NYC, by Harry Fox

1933 1st singing telegram delivered (to Rudy Vallee), NYC

1951 Cole Porter‘s musical “Kiss Me, Kate”, an adaptation of Shakespeare’s ” The Taming of the Shrew”, closes at New Century Theater NYC after 1077 performances

1954 Ernest Bloch’s 4th string quartet premieres

1978 600,000 attend the “Summer Jam” rock festival at Watkins Glen, New York, at the time the largest ever audience at a pop festival

1989 Gloria Estefan releases her debut solo album “Cuts Both Ways”

1991 “Gypsy” closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 105 performances

1992 R&B singer Mary J. Blige releases her debut album “What’s the 411?”, with production by Puff Daddy

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1906 Yankees turn triple-play, beat Cleveland 6-4

1912 10th Tour de France won by Odile Defraye of Belgium

1928 IX Summer Olympic Games open in Amsterdam, Netherlands

1929 Chicago Cardinals become 1st NFL team to train out of state (Michigan)

1929 24th Davis Cup: France beats USA in Paris (3-2)

1929 23rd Tour de France won by Maurice De Waele of Belgium

1929 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Paris, France: Home team wins 3 straight titles as Henri Cochet beats American George Lott 6-1, 3-6, 6-0, 6-3 for a 3-2 victory

1931 White Sox score 11 in 8th to beat Yankees 14-12

July 27 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1586 Walter Raleigh brings the 1st tobacco to England from Virginia

1689 Battle of Killicrankie: Jacobite Scottish Highlanders under Viscount Dundee defeat royalist force under General MacKay

1789 US Congress establishes Department of Foreign Affairs now referred to as the State Department

1866 transatlantic telegraph cable successfully in second attempt comes ashore at Heart’s Content, Newfoundland laid out by Isambard Kingdom Brunel‘s Great Eastern steamship (1,686 miles long)

1921 Frederick Banting and Charles Best isolate insulin at the University of Toronto

Today’s Historical Events

432 St Celestine I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1214 1st battle of Bouvines – King Philip II of France vs Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV and King John of England; as a result John lost Normandy and his other possessions in France (hence his nickname John “Lackland”)

1230 Treaty of San Germano between Emperor Frederik II & Pope Gregory IX

1280 Sogen Mugaku, founder of Engakuji temple, arrives in Japan from China

1298 Albert (Albrecht) I, son of Rudolf of Habsburg, crowned King of the Germans

1360 Danish King Waldemar IV destroys Visby, Gotland

1377 First example of quarantine in Rugusa (now Dubroknik); city council passes law saying newcomers from plague areas must isolation for 30 days (later 40 days, quaranta in Italian)

1501 Nicolaus Copernicus formally installed as a canon of Frauenberg Cathedral

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1940 Bugs Bunny, Warner Bros. cartoon character created by Tex Avery, Bob Givens (Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series), first debuts in “Wild Hare”

1990 Zsa Zsa Gabor begins a 3 day jail sentence for slapping a police officer in Beverly Hills

1993 NBC TV awarded 1996 Olympic coverage for $456 million

1995 28th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center

2007 Two News helicopters from Phoenix, Arizona television stations KNXV and KTVK collide over Steele Indian School Park in central Phoenix while covering a police chase; there were no survivors. Worst civil aviation incident in Phoenix history.

2018 CBS Chairman Leslie Moonves is accused of sexual misconduct in the “New Yorker” by journalist Ronan Farrow

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1940 Billboard magazine starts publishing bestseller charts

1957 St James’ Theatre in London closes

1977 John Lennon is granted a green card for permanent residence in US

1979 “Broadway Opry ’79” opens at St James Theater NYC for 6 performances

1982 Alan Menken and Howard Ashman’s musical “Little Shop of Horrors” opens Off-Broadway at the Orpheum Theatre in NYC

1997 “Candide” closes at Gershwin Theater NYC after 103 performances

1997 “Victor/Victoria” closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 738 performances

2018 American singer-songwriter Neil Diamond gives a small thank-you concert to firefighters near his home in Colorado

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1913 11th Tour de France won by Philippe Thys of Belgium

1913 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon, England: Maurice McLoughlin beats Charles Dixon 8-6, 6-3, 6-2 to give US an unassailable 3-1 lead over the British Isles; US wins, 3-2

1914 Roda JC soccer team forms in Kerkrade

1919 13th Tour de France won by Firmin Lambot of Belgium

1920 Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America’s Cup

1920 14th Tour de France: Belgian rider Philippe Thys becomes first to win the race 3 times

1924 VIII Summer Olympic Games close in Paris, France

1927 Mel Ott, 18, hits his 1st league home run (inside the park)

July 26 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

657 Battle of Siffin during the first Muslim civil war between Ali ibn Abi Talib and Muawiyah I beside Euphrates River

1519 Francisco Pizarro receives royal charter for the west coast of South America

1533 Francisco Pizarro orders the death of the last Sapa Inca EmperorAtahualpa

1803 The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world’s first public railway, opens in south London

1908 United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation)

1945 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the unconditional surrender of Japan during WWII

1953 Fidel Castro leads a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks, intended to spark a revolution in Cuba

Today’s Historical Events

657 Battle of Siffin during the first Muslim civil war between Ali ibn Abi Talib and Muawiyah I beside Euphrates River

811 Battle of Pliska: Bulgarians under Krum beat Byzantines

920 Rout of an alliance of Christian troops from Navarre and Léon against the Muslims at Pamplona

1267 Inquisition forms in Rome under Pope Clement IV

1309 Henry VII is recognized King of the Romans by Pope Clement V

1469 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Edgecote Moor – Pitting the forces of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick against those of King Edward IV

1497 “Edward IV‘s son” Perkin Warbeck’s army lands in Cork

1499 Spanish conquistador Alonso de Ojeda discovers Curacao Island

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1896 Vitascope Hall, 1st permanent for-profit movie theatre, opens in New Orleans

1938 1st radio broadcast of “Young Widder Brown” on NBC

1948 1st black host of a network show-CBS’ Bob Howard Show

1949 WCPO TV channel 9 in Cincinnati, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting

1954 WCET TV channel 48 in Cincinnati, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting

1966 WRLH TV channel 31 in Lebanon, NH (NBC) begins broadcasting

1978 11th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel

1982 Karen Dianne Baldwin, 18, of Canada, crowned 31st Miss Universe

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1882 Richard Wagner‘s opera “Parsifal” premieres in Bayreuth, Germany

1973 Peter Shaffer‘s musical “Equus” premieres in London

1992 “Man of La Mancha” closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 108 performances

2018 Sir Paul McCartney performs a “secret” gig at the Cavern Club in Liverpool, where the Beatles began

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1914 12th Tour de France won by Philippe Thys of Belgium

1928 In only his second and final defence of his world heavyweight boxing title, Gene Tunney scores an 11-round TKO win over Tom Heeney at Yankee Stadium, NYC

1928 Yanks score 11 runs in 12th beating Tigers 12-1

1931 LPGA Western Open Women’s Golf, Midlothian CC: June Beebe beats Mrs. Melvin Jones, 3 & 2 for golf’s only major title

1931 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Paris, France: Henri Cochet beats Fred Perry 6-4, 1-6, 9-7, 6-3 to give France 3-2 win over Great Britain and 5th straight title

1931 25th Tour de France won by Antonin Magne of France

1933 Joe DiMaggio ends 61 game hitting streak in Pacific Coast League

1939 Yankee catcher Bill Dickey hits 3 consecutive HRs

July 25 Today in HIstory

Today’s Important Historical Events

306 Constantine I is proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops

1814 English engineer George Stephenson introduces his first steam locomotive, a travelling engine designed for hauling coal on the Killingworth wagonway named Blücher

1943 Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on the authority of King Victor Emmanuel III

1944 World War II: Operation Spring – one of Canada’s bloodiest days, 18,444 casualties and 5,021 killed

1997 Scientists announce the first human stem cells to be cultured in a laboratory using tissue taken from aborted human embryos

Today’s Historical Events

306 Constantine I is proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops

864 The Edict of Pistres of Charles the Bald orders defensive measures against the Vikings

1120 Large fire in church of Saint Madeleine of Vézelay, France, kills a thousand pilgrims and seriously damages the church

1139 Count Alfonso I of Portugal proclaimed King

1261 Constantinople recaptured by Nicaean forces under Alexios Strategopoulos for Emperor Michael VIII, re-establishing Byzantine Empire

1360 Jews are expelled from Breslau, Silesia

1446 Foundation stone laid for King’s College Chapel in Cambridge by King Henry VI, one of England’s finest medieval buildings (main structure complete 1515) [1]

1510 Spanish conquest of Tripoli by Pedro Navarro for Aragon crown; over 3,000 killed and more than 5,000 inhabitants enslaved

 

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1922 AT&T begins broadcasting on WBAY (NYC-later WEAF, WNBC, WRCA & WFAN)

1946 At Club 500 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis stage their first show as a comedy team

1966 The Supremes release single “You Can’t Hurry Love”

1985 Spokeswoman for Rock Hudson confirms he has AIDS

1987 Sherri Martel beats Fabulous Moolah for WWF Woman’s Championship Belt

1988 Mindy Duncan, 16, of Oregon, crowned 6th Miss Teen USA

1989 Brandi Sherwood of Idaho crowned 7th Miss Teen USA

1990 Roseanne Barr sings the National Anthem at Cincinnati Reds-San Diego Padres MLB game

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1933 1st Dutch live radio concert: Duke Ellington

1936 Jazz saxophonist Charlie “Bird” Parker marries his childhood sweetheart Rebecca Ruffin

1964 “Here’s Love” closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 338 performances

1964 Beatles’ album “A Hard Day’s Night” goes #1, stays #1 for 14 weeks

1965 Bob Dylan is booed by sections of the crowd at the Newport Folk Festival for performing with an electric guitar, beginning of folk-rock

1966 Brian Jones’ final performance as a Rolling Stone

1969 70,000 attend Seattle Pop Festival (across 3 days); performers included: Bo Diddley, Flying Burrito Brothers, Ten Years After, Guess Who, Santana, Tim Buckley, Byrds, Ike & Tina Turner Revue, Chicago Transit Authority, Chuck Berry, Led Zeppelin, and The Doors

1970 “(They Long to Be) Close to You” sung by the Carpenters reaches #1

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1900 Gloucestershire captain Gilbert Jessop hits his second century (139 in 95 minutes) before lunch in same County Cricket match (104 previous day); Yorkshire wins by 40 runs

1902 3 years after winning the title from English boxer Bob Fitzsimmons, American champion James J. Jeffries repeats the dose with an 8th round KO in San Francisco for the heavyweight crown

1913 Pittsburgh Pirates future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Max Carey scores 5 runs without a hit, reaching first base on an error and 4 walks, as the Bucs beat Philadelphia Phillies, 12-2

1914 Last day of club cricket for English legend W. G. Grace at age 66: makes unbeaten 69 runs for Eltham against Grove Park

1937 31st Tour de France won by Roger Lapebie of France

1939 New York Yankees starting pitcher Atley Donald sets American League rookie record for consecutive wins; beats St. Louis Browns 5-1 for his 12th straight victory

1940 American John Sigmund begins swimming for 89 hours, 46 minutes from St. Louis to Caruthersville, Missouri in the Mississippi River; 292 miles, longest solo swim of all time

1941 41-year-old Lefty Grove wins his 300th and final MLB career game as the Boston Red Sox defeat Cleveland Indians, 10-6 at Fenway Park

 

July 24 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1534 Jacques Cartier lands in Canada, claims it for France

1567 Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate; her 1-year-old son becomes King James VI of Scots

1832 Benjamin Bonneville leads the first wagon train across the Rocky Mountains by Wyoming’s South Pass

1911 American explorer Hiram Bingham discovers Machu Picchu, the Lost City of the Incas

1943 Operation Gomorrah: RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating a firestorm and killing 42,600 people

1982 Single “Eye Of The Tiger” by Survivor from “Rocky III” soundtrack starts 6-week run at No. 1 on US charts (Grammy for Best Rock Performance)

2019 Global warming is the fastest in 2,000 years and scientific consensus that humans are the cause is at 99%, according to three major reports published in journals “Nature” and “Nature Geoscience”

Today’s Historical Events

1132 Battle of Nocera between Ranulf II of Alife and Roger II of Sicily

1148 Louis VII of France lays siege to Damascus during the Second Crusade

1411 Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland, takes place

1487 Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands, rebel against ban on foreign beer

1525 Second attempt to circumnavigate the globe as seven ships departs Corunna headed by García Jofre de Loaísa on orders of King Charles I of Spain for the Spice Islands (only one will make it)

1534 Jacques Cartier lands in Canada, claims it for France

1567 Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate; her 1-year-old son becomes King James VI of Scots

1577 Spanish army/German mercenaries conquer Namur

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1952 “High Noon”, American Western film directed by Fred Zinnemann, starring Gary Cooper and Thomas Mitchell, is released

1953 KEYT TV channel 3 in Santa Barbara, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting

1957 KTVC TV channel 6 in Ensign, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting

1959 500,000th Dutch TV set registered

1971 WUHQ TV channel 41 in Battle Creek, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting

1974 “Death Wish”, based on the novel by Brian Garfield, directed by Michael Winner and starring Charles Bronson is released in the US

1978 Margaret Gardiner, of South Africa, crowned 27th Miss Universe

1998 “Saving Private Ryan“, directed by Steven Spielberg, starring Tom Hanks, Edward Burns and Matt Damon, is released (Academy Awards Best Director 1999)

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1917 Trial of Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari begins in Paris for allegedly spying for Germany and thus causing the deaths of 50,000 soldiers

1942 Irving Berlin‘s musical “This Is The Army” premieres in NYC

1965 “Flora, the Red Menace” closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 87 performances

1965 Bob Dylan release “Like a Rolling Stone”

1965 Rock group “The Animals” 1st time in British charts

1967 The Beatles sign a petition in Times to legalize marijuana

1982 “Best Little Whorehouse in Texas” closes at E O’Neill NYC after 63 performances

1983 “Mame” opens at Gershwin Theater NYC for 41 performances

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1860 Olympics beat St. George, 25-17 at St. Georges Cricket Grounds, Philadelphia in first baseball game played in enclosed field

1893 For only time in history of US Tennis championships, an event is held off the Eastern seaboard. Men’s double championship in Chicago

1902 Victor Trumper scores a century for Australia before lunch 4th Test Cricket v England

1904 2nd Tour de France won by Henri Cornet of France

1905 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: Laurence Doherty & Reggie Doherty beat Holcombe Ward & Beals Wright 8-10, 6-2, 6-2, 4-6, 8-6 to give British Isles an unassailable 3-0 lead over US (ends 5-0)

1908 American Johnny Hayes wins London Olympic marathon in Games record 2:55:18.4 after Dorando Pietri of Italy disqualified for receiving assistance before the finish line

1909 Brooklyn Superbas pitcher Nap Rucker strikes out 16 Pittsburgh Pirates in a 1-0 victory at Washington Park, Brooklyn

1921 15th Tour de France won by Leon Scieur of Belgium

July 23 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1215 Frederick II crowned King of the Romans (King of the Germans) in Aachen

1829 William Austin Burt patents America’s first “typographer” (typewriter)

1840 Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper & Lower Canada

1944 Conference of Bretton Woods signed; IMF operations begin

1995 Comet Hale-Bopp is discovered and becomes visible to the naked eye nearly a year later

Today’s Historical Events

636 Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from the Byzantine Empire

685 John V begins his reign as Catholic Pope

1148 Crusaders begin siege of Damascus during Second Crusade (abandoned 28 July)

1215 Frederick II crowned King of the Romans (King of the Germans) in Aachen

1253 Jews are expelled from Vienne, France by order of Pope Innocent IV

1298 Rindfleisch (“Beef”) Persecutions – Jewish community in Wurzburg, Germany massacred

1453 Battle at Gavere: Philip the Good beats Gentse rebellion

1532 Emperor Charles V and the Schmalkaldic League sign Peace of Nuremberg

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1966 Frank Sinatra‘s album “Strangers In The Night” hits #1 on the US charts, (Grammy for Record Of The Year and Best Male Vocal Performance)

1975 Alan Ayckbourn’s “Absent Friends” premieres in London

1981 14th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel

1984 Suzette Charles (NJ), 21, replaces Williams as 57th Miss America 1984

1984 Vanessa Williams, 1st African American Miss America, resigns after Penthouse publishes unauthorized nude photos of her

1989 FOX-TV tops ABC, NBC & CBS for 1st time (America’s Most Wanted)

1989 Ringo Starr‘s first All-Starr Band debuts in concert; members include Joe Walsh, Nils Lofgren, Rick Danko, Levon Helm, Clarence Clemons, Dr. John, Billy Preston, and Jim Keltner

1994 American dancer, actor, and director Gene Kelly suffers a mild stroke

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1961 American opera singer Grace Bumbry becomes the first black singer to perform at the Bayreuth Festival, Germany, she earns 42 curtain calls

1965 The Beatles’ single “Help” is released in the UK

1976 Wings release single “Let ’em In”

1992 Bruce Springsteen begins a world tour, his first with musicians other than the E Street band

1995 “Hamlet” closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 121 performances

2010 One Direction is formed during the X Factor show as Niall Horan, Harry Styles, Liam Payne, Zayn Malik and Louis Tomlinson join together

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1827 1st US swimming school opens (Boston, Massachusetts)

1866 Cincinnati Baseball club (Red Stockings) forms

1868 All England Lawn Tennis Club is founded as The All England Croquet Club; 1877 name changed to The All England Croquet & Lawn Tennis Club

1902 Dutch Excelsior soccer club is established in Rotterdam (Eerste Divisie winners 1973-4, 78-79, 2005-06)

1907 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: Norman Brookes beats Herbert Roper Barrett 6-2, 6-0, 6-3 to give Australasia a 3-2 win over British Isles

1921 Edward Gourdin of US sets long jump record at 25′ 2 3/4″

1922 16th Tour de France won by Firmin Lambot of Belgium

1925 NY Yankee Lou Gehrig hits his 1st of 23 career grand slammers

July 14 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1789 Bastille Day – the French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille Prison in Paris (now celebrated as France’s national day)

1798 US Sedition Act prohibits “false, scandalous & malicious” writing against government

1850 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration by Florida physician John Gorrie

1933 All non-Nazi parties are banned in Germany

1941 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp

1992 386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz, starting the open source operating system revolution. Linus Torvalds release “Linux” soon afterwards

Today’s Historical Events

982 King Otto II and his Frankish army defeated in pitched battle with Muslim army of al-Qasim at Cape Colonna, Southern Italy

1077 Bayeux Tapestry likely first goes on display to decorate the nave during the consecration of Notre-Dame of Bayeux Cathedral, Bayeux, Normandy [1]

1223 Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II

1420 Battle at Vitkov Zizka’s hill (Prague): Taboriets beat Bohemia

1535 Emperor Charles V conquers Tunis

1570 Pope Pius V introduces a standardised Roman Missal (text of the Latin mass), a reform of the Council of Trent. Will remain unchanged for 400 years.

1581 English Jesuit priest Edmund Campion arrested for sedition in Anglican England (later hung, drawn and quartered)

1698 The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1951 1st color telecast of a sporting event (CBS-horse race)

1968 WSWO TV channel 26 in Springfield, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting

1969 “Easy Rider”, directed by Dennis Hopper, starring himself, Peter Fonda and Jack Nicholson, is released

1969 WMUL (now WPBY) TV channel 33 in Huntington, WV (PBS) 1st broadcast

1987 Steve Miller’s star is unveiled on Hollywood’s Walk of Fame

1989 Film “When Harry Met Sally” is released starring Billy Crystal, Meg Ryan, directed by Rob Reiner and written by Nora Ephron

1992 Actress Nell Carter undergoes brain surgery

2005 38th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1682 Composer Henry Purcell appointed organist of Chapel Royal, London

1795 The French National Convention decrees “La Marseillaise” by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle France’s national anthem

1951 “Courtin’ Time” closes at National Theater NYC after 37 performances

1951 “Make a Wish” closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 102 performances

1967 The Who begin a US tour opening for Herman’s Hermits

1973 Phil Everly storms off stage at Knott’s Berry Farm in Buena Park, California and declares an end to “The Everly Brothers”; the show was planned as their last, his exit improvised

1986 Paul McCartney releases single “Press”, from the album “Press To Play”

1989 Jessye Norman sings French national anthem, La Marseillaise at the Place de la Concorde, Paris, to celebrate 200th anniversary of the French Revolution

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1912 Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8)

1914 NL’s Boston Braves start climb from last place to world series sweep

1916 St Louis Brown Ernie Koob pitches all 17 innings for 14 hits in a 0-0 tie vs Boston Red Sox at Fenway Park

1934 NY Times erroneously declares Babe Ruth 700 HR record to stand for all time

1934 Philadelphia Phillies score 11 runs in an inning, beating Cincinnati 18-0

1946 Cleveland’s Lou Boudreau hits 4 doubles & HR, but Red Sox win 11-10 on Ted Williams 3 HR with 8 RBIs

1949 Czech tennis stars Jaroslav Drobný and Vladimir Černík defect while playing in a tournament in Gstaad, Switzerland; Drobny accepts Egyptian citizenship

1951 1st color telecast of a sporting event (CBS-horse race)

July 12 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1679 Britain’s King Charles II ratifies Habeas Corpus Act allowing prisoners right to be imprisoned to be examined by a court

1690 Battle of Boyne: in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II

1790 French Revolution: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is adopted, putting the Catholic Church in France under the control of the state

1804 Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a pistol duel the previous day by Vice President Aaron Burr

1863 In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British

1913 150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent

1943 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka – Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles

1957 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer

Today’s Historical Events

526 St Felix IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope

927 King Aethelstan is the first southern English king to gain control of much of the north of Britain when various local kings accept his overlordship at Eamont, Cumbria

1109 Crusaders capture Syria’s harbor city of Tripoli

1191 English King Richard I the Lionheart and Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine

1442 King Alfonso V of Aragon becomes King of Naples

1537 Battle of Albancay: Diego de Almagro defeated by army led by Alonso de Alvarado on behalf of Francisco Pizarro

1542 French troops under Maarten van Rossem occupy Flanders

1549 Kett’s uprising occupies Norwich, England

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1928 1st televised tennis match

1953 KTVB TV channel 7 in Boise, ID (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting

1959 NBC uses cameras to show catchers signals during Yankee-Red Sox game

1960 XEWT TV channel 12 in Tijuana-San Diego, CA (IND) begins broadcasting

1976 1st “Family Feud” game show debuts on ABC hosted by Richard Dawson

1993 Andrew Lloyd Webber‘s musical “Sunset Boulevard”, based on Billy Wilder‘s 1950 film, starring Patti Lupone and Daniel Benzali, opens at the Adelphi Theatre, London

2002 Hindi film “Devdas” premieres directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali and starring Shah Rukh KhanAishwarya Rai and Madhuri Dixit (Best Film Filmfare Awards)

2012 45th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1946 Benjamin Britten‘s “Rape of Lucretia” premieres at Glyndebourne Opera Festival

1958 “Li’l Abner” closes at St James Theater, NYC, after 693 performances

1962 Rolling Stones 1st performance (Marquee Club, London)

1976 Ian Dury & Kilburns disband

1985 “Singin’ in the Rain”, musical adaptation of the 1952 film, opens at Gershwin Theater, NYC; runs for 367 performances

1990 “Les Miserables,” opens at National Theatre, Washington, DC

1992 Axl Rose arrested on riot charges in St Louis stemming from a concert on Jul 2

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1817 Karl Drais von Sauerbronn demonstrates bicycle course

1901 Cy Young wins his 300th game

1921 Babe Ruth sets record of 137 career home runs

1921 Indians (9) & Yankees (7) combine for an AL record 16 doubles

1926 Paavo Nurmi walks world record 4x1500m (16:26.2)

1927 Yankees slugger Babe Ruth half way to his MLB record of 60 home runs; smacks #30 of Joe Shaute in 9th inning in New York’s 7-0 win over Cleveland Indians at Dunn Field

1928 1st televised tennis match

1930 US Open Men’s Golf, Interlachen CC: Defending champion Bobby Jones wins record-tying 4th US Open title by 2 strokes from Macdonald Smith; third consecutive major title

July 11 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1405 Chinese fleet commander Zheng He sets sail on his first major expedition, to the Spice Islands, leading 208 vessels, including 62 treasure ships with 27,800 sailors

1533 Pope Clement VII excommunicates England’s King Henry VIII

1818 English poet John Keats writes “In the Cottage Where Burns is Born”, “Lines Written in the Highlands”, and “Gadfly”

1877 Kate Edger becomes New Zealand’s first woman graduate and first woman in the British Empire to earn a Bachelor of Arts

1944 Franklin Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States

1995 7,000 Bosnian Muslim men are massacred when Bosnian Serbs overrun the UN ‘safe haven’ of Srebrenica

Today’s Historical Events

138 Antoninus Pius succeeds Hadrian as Emperor of Rome

911 Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy

1156 Siege of Shirakawa-den in Japan

1244 Khwarezmian Tatars sack Jerusalem, decimating the city’s Christian population and driving out Jews

1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) near Kortrijk, Belgium. Flemish coalition defeat French army

1346 Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire

1347 Heir to the Bohemian throne elected German anti-king Charles IV

1405 Chinese fleet commander Zheng He sets sail on his first major expedition, to the Spice Islands, leading 208 vessels, including 62 treasure ships with 27,800 sailors

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1895 Auguste and Louis Lumière show film for scientists

1922 The Hollywood Bowl opens.

1967 “The Newlywed Game” premieres in the US on ABC TV

1983 Lorraine Elizabeth Downes, 19, of NZ, crowned 32nd Miss Universe

2007 “Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix”, the 5th film based on the books by J. K. Rowling is released

2013 “Orange Is the New Black” premieres on Netflix starring Taylor Schilling, first series to be nominated for comedy and drama Emmy awards

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1967 Kenny Rogers forms 1st Edition

1969 David Bowie releases the single “Space Oddity” 9 days before Apollo 11 lands on the moon

1969 Rolling Stones release “Honky Tonk Woman”

1982 “7 Brides for 7 Brothers” closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 5 performances

1984 Britain’s MusicBox begins satellite transmission to Europe

1987 Heart’s “Alone” single goes #1 for 3 weeks

1995 Shaggy releases his third studio album “Bombastic” (Grammy Award Best Reggae Album)

  • 2021 Billionaire Richard Branson flies to the edge of space on his Virgin Galactic rocket plane in space tourism test

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1900 Charlotte Cooper beats Hélène Prévost to become the 1st female Olympic tennis champion and the 1st individual female Olympic champion in any sport

1912 There are 6 medallists in the Stockholm Olympic pole vault; American Harry Babcock takes gold (3.95m); countrymen Frank Nelson and Marc Wright dead-heat for silver; 3-man dead-heat for bronze

1914 Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth makes his MLB debut as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox; earns 4-3 win against the Cleveland Naps at Fenway Park

1923 Harry Frazee, sells Red Sox to Ohio businessmen for $1M

1930 21 year old Australian cricket super-batsman Don Bradman is 105 at lunch, 220 at tea, and 309 at stumps on the first day in 3rd Test vs England at Leeds; goes on to 334

1931 NY Giants beat Phillies 23-8

1939 7th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-1 at Yankee Stadium, New York NY Yankee/AL maanager Joe McCarthy starts 6 Yankees

1944 12th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-1 at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh

July 8 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1099 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama departs on his first voyage, will become the 1st European to reach India by sea

1777 Independent Vermont introduces a new constitution, prohibiting slavery

1800 Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gives 1st cowpox vaccination in the US to his son to prevent smallpox

1853 Commodore Matthew C. Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay, opening Japan to Western influence and trade

1948 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow

1949 South Africa’s Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act commences, prohibiting marriage or a sexual relationship between White people and people of other races [1]

Today’s Historical Events

939 The Major Occultation, or Ghaybat el-Kubra of Muhammad al-Mahdi

1099 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on

1283 War of the Sicilian Vespers: Battle of Malta

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama departs on his first voyage, will become the 1st European to reach India by sea

1579 Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, was discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan

1663 King Charles II of England grants a charter to Rhode Island

1672 William III is appointed stadholder by the States General in the Netherlands

1680 The first confirmed tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1954 KMOX (now KMOV) TV channel 4 in Saint Louis, MO (CBS) 1st broadcast

1982 15th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at Hotel San Diego

2005 Marvel superhero film “The Fantastic Four” starring Ioan Gruffudd, Jessica AlbaChris Evans and Michael Chiklis premieres

2010 “Inception”, directed by Christopher Nolan and starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Joseph Gordon-Levitt, premieres in London

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1946 “Tidbits of 1946” opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 8 performances

1949 Monte Irvin & Hank Thompson, 1st black players for New York Giants, 4-3 loss to Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field

1982 “7 Brides for 7 Brothers” opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 5 performances

1988 Rockers Jonathan “Chico” & Robert DeBarge indicted on drug trafficking

1988 Stevie Wonder announces he will run for mayor of Detroit in 1992; he does not follow through

1996 British girls group the Spice Girls release their debut single “Wannabe” in the UK

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1889 John L. Sullivan successfully defends last officially sanctioned, bare-knuckle world heavyweight prizefighting championship; Jake Kilrain’s trainer throws in towel after 75 x 1-minute rounds near Hattiesburg, Mississippi

1889 Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: William Renshaw wins his 7th Wimbledon singles title; beats twin brother Ernest Renshaw 6-4, 6-1, 3-6, 6-0

1898 Philadelphia Phillies pitcher Red Donahue no-hits Boston Beaneaters, 5-0 at the Baker Bowl

1902 Baltimore manager John McGraw is accused by AL President Ban Johnson of trying to wreck the Orioles & Washington Senators; negotiates his release from the Orioles, having already signed with NY Giants

1905 Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: May Sutton becomes first American player to win the singles title at Wimbledon; beats Dorothea Chambers 6-3, 6-4

1905 Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Home town favourite Laurence Doherty wins his 4th consecutive Wimbledon singles title; beats Norman Brookes of Australia 8-6 6-2 6-4

1909 1st pro baseball game (minor league) played under lights

1911 Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Anthony Wilding of New Zealand wins 2nd of 4 consecutive Wimbledon singles titles beating Herbert Roper-Barrett 6-4, 4-6, 2-6, 6-2 ret

July 7 Today in History

Today’s Important Historical Events

1520 Battle of Otumba, Mexico: Hernán Cortés and the Tlaxcalans defeat a numerically superior Aztec force

1937 Japanese and Chinese troops clash at the Marco Polo Bridge, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War

1947 Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident

2005 Coordinated terrorist bomb blasts strike London’s public transport system during the morning rush hour killing 52 and injuring 700

2005 Influenced by global Live 8 concerts, G8 leaders pledge to double 2004 levels of aid to Africa from US$25 to US$50 billion by the year 2010

Today’s Historical Events

1124 Tyrus surrenders to Crusaders

1438 King Charles VII issues the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges stating that a General Church Council with superior power to the Pope must be held every 10 years

1456 A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death

1495 King Ferdinand II returns to Naples

1498 Emperor Maximilian I establishes choir of Imperial Chapel

1520 Battle of Otumba, Mexico: Hernán Cortés and the Tlaxcalans defeat a numerically superior Aztec force

1534 European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick

1543 French troops invade Luxembourg

Today’s Historical Events in Film and TV

1936 RCA shows 1st real TV program (dancing, film on locomotives, Bonwit Teller fashion show and monologue from Tobacco Road & comedy)

1939 “The Rules of the Game”, French film directed by Jean Renoir, starring Nora Gregor and Paulette Dubost, premieres in Paris

1949 “Dragnet” premieres on NBC radio; also a TV series in 1951 & 1967

1956 “Hancock’s Half Hour” premieres as a TV show starring Tony Hancock and Sid James, written by Ray Galton and Alan Simpson

1975 TV soap opera “Ryan’s Hope” premieres

1977 “The Spy Who Loved Me”, 10th James Bond film starring Roger Moore and Barbara Bach, premieres in London

1980 Shawn Weatherly, of USA, crowned 29th Miss Universe

1980 Jineane Ford of Arizona replaces Shawn Weatherly (Miss Universe) as the 29th Miss USA

Today’s Historical Events in Music

1949 “Cabatgata (A Night in Spain)” opens at Broadway NYC for 76 performances

1956 Douglas Moore/John Latouche’ opera “Ballad of Baby Doe,” premieres

1965 Otis Redding records “Respect”

1967 Beatles’ “All You Need is Love” is released

1967 Doors’ “Light My Fire” hits #1

1968 Rock group “Yardbirds” disband

1986 It is reported that Boy George is being treated for heroin addiction

1988 Hungarian state funeral for composer Béla Bartók in Budapest, 42 years after his death with his remains relocated from New York

Today’s Historical Events in Sports

1868 Surrey wicket-keeper Ted Pooley completes a then-1st class cricket record 12 dismissals (8 caught, 4 stumped) in a County match against Sussex at The Oval

1887 Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: 3-time runner-up Herbert Lawford wins his only Wimbledon title beating Ernest Renshaw 1-6, 6-3, 3-6, 6-4, 6-4

1890 Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Irishman Willoughby Hamilton wins his only Wimbledon title beating 7-time champion William Renshaw 6-8, 6-2, 3-6, 6-1, 6-1

1892 Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Bingley-Hillyard for a 4th time in a Wimbledon final 6-1, 6-1

1900 Boston Beaneaters pitcher Kid Nichols notches his 300th career MLB victory with an 11-4 win over Chicago Orphans

1911 Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Dorothea Chambers becomes first player not to concede a game in a final beating Dora Boothby 6-0, 6-0

1912 American athlete Jim Thorpe wins 4 of 5 events to win the Pentathlon gold medal at the Stockholm Olympics, medal stripped 1913 (played pro baseball), reinstated 1982

1914 Baltimore Orioles owner Jack Dunn offers future baseball legend Babe Ruth, Ernie Shore & Ben Egan for $10k to Connie Mack (Philadelphia A’s); refuses pleading lack of finance