Posts Tagged With: Runic alphabet

Runic Alphabet

The Runic Alphabet

 

Runic alphabets provided a brief background about the mystical lettering systems used by the Germanic people in ancient and medieval times.

 

Variations of the Runes

The runes were set of Germanic alphabets that were used by the North German tribes, from the 2nd century BC to the 13th century AD. The runic alphabets were often called “Futhark”, which is derived from the first six runic letters of the runic alphabets (F-U-TH-A-R-K).

There are three different variations of the Runic alphabets.

The Etruscan or the Latin alphabets probably influenced the runic scripts in the 2nd or 1st century BC, particularly when that some of runes match the Latin alphabets in form. The Teutonic (Early or Common Germanic) scripts consisted of 24 characters.

It was used in northern Europe, right up to the 8th century AD. The image on the right, I have shown the Early or Common runes (with the English equivalents to the sound, written in white).

 

The Anglian or Anglo-Saxon scripts, also known as Futhork, varied in number, from 28 to 33 characters. The additional characters in the Anglian runes were used to compensate for the Old English sounds that does not appeared in the Early Futhark runes. These scripts were used in the British Isle, from the 5th to the 12th century AD.

There are two variations of the Anglo-Saxon scripts. With Frisian runes, 4 new scripts were added to the Early Futhark: ac, ae, o (os), and yr. Then another five were added to the Anglo-Saxon runes; the extra runes known as the Northumbrian runes included: q, k, st, and gar.

 

The third variation was the Nordic (Scandinavian) runes, is called the Younger Futhark, which was used in Scandinavia, including Iceland, between the 8th and 13th century AD. More than half of the runic inscriptions discovered, were found in Sweden.

The Nordic scripts had originally contained the same 24 characters of the Early runes, but had gradually reduced them to 16 characters.

There are two variations of the Nordic runes: Short-twig and Danish.

The illustration on the left is the Danish variation of the Nordic scripts. The following scripts have remained unchanged from the Teutonic scripts: f, u, th, r, k, n, i, t, b and l.

The Short-twig have the same number of characters as the Danish variation, yet it has simplified the Danish scripts. Simplified as in some stroke were truncated. For now, I don’t have a diagram on the list of Short-twig scripts.

 

Source:
Timeless Myths

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Your Rune For Friday, February 21 is Perthro

bw-perthro

bw-perthroYour Rune For Today

Perthro       

Mysteries will become known to you. You should be able to see your life’s path clearly at this time. Pethro is often thought of as “Gambler’s Rune.” You are in a lucky period right now. Chance is your ally. Take advantage of it.

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Your Rune For February 17th is Isa

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bw-isaYour Rune For Today

Isa       

The Ice Rune,  represents stagnation and a passionless existence. Your life’s course may seem blurry at the moment, but if you persevere you will move onto better days.

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Your Rune For December 21st is Perthro

Your Rune For Today        

Perthro                

Mysteries will become known to you. You should be able to see your life’s path clearly at this time. Pethro is often thought of as “Gambler’s Rune.” You are in a lucky period right now. Chance is your ally. Take advantage of it.

 

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Your Rune For September 20th is Naudhiz

bw-naudhiz

bw-naudhizYour Rune For Today 

Naudhiz       

Naudhiz may foretell needs unmet and friction in relationships. You may be in a time where you should be very careful in whatever endeavor you take on. Also it may be that you are about to learn some of life’s hard lessons and come out the other side of this period a stronger being.

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Your Rune For September 11th is Ingwaz

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bw-ingwazYour Rune For Today

Ingwaz       

Ingwaz signifies completion, success and fertility. Your present ambitions are about to be met. You are fecund in both mind and body.

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Your Rune For September 10th is Naudhiz

bw-naudhiz

bw-naudhizYour Rune For Today 

Naudhiz       

Naudhiz may foretell needs unmet and friction in relationships. You may be in a time where you should be very careful in whatever endeavor you take on. Also it may be that you are about to learn some of life’s hard lessons and come out the other side of this period a stronger being.

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Your Rune For September 4 is Naudhiz

bw-naudhiz

bw-naudhizYour Rune For Today        

Naudhiz       

Naudhiz may foretell needs unmet and friction in relationships. You may be in a time where you should be very careful in whatever endeavor you take on. Also it may be that you are about to learn some of life’s hard lessons and come out the other side of this period a stronger being.

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