Posts Tagged With: Ancient Egypt

Deity of the Day for November 25th – Amun, Egyptian God

Deity of the Day

 

Amun

Egyptian God

 

Amun is considered as one of the most important and powerful gods of ancient Egypt. He existed as early as the primeval times of the Ogdoad cosmogony and evolved as one of the gods responsible for the creation of the world from the chaos that is Nun. He if often represented as bearded man wearing a cap surmounted by two tall plumes made of red ostrich feathers usually seated on a throne holding the ankh on one hand and the was scepter on the other. His name may also be spelled as Amon, Amoun, Ammon, Amoon, or Amen that translates into the “Hidden One” suggestive of his role as the invisible god of the wind and air. His wife and consort in the Hermopolitan worship is Amaunet.

Aside from his human form, he may also be seen in several other representations. He used to take the form of the goose thus acquiring the epithet “the Great Cackler”. He is sometimes seen as a man with the head of the frog, uraeus or cobra. As a snake, he could regenerate himself by shedding his skin. He is also seen as a man with head of the ram or simply just as ram because at some point he was a god of fertility. He may also be seen as lion crouching by the throne or an ape or even a crocodile. During the Ptolemaic Period, he is depicted as a man with four arms, the body of a beetle, the wings of the hawk, the legs of a human, and the paws of a lion.

Amun is believed to be a self-created god. His first wife was named Wosret but later married Amaunet and Mut. With Mut, he sired a son named Khonsu, the god of the moon. He was originally a deity of local importance in Thebes as a creative force. He rose to prominence when he assimilated another Theban god Montu, the deity of war in the Eleventh dynasty. He became the principal god of the city. During the Middle Kingdom, he rose to national importance when the Theban chief Ahmose I expelled Hyskos from the country. The royal family, in honor of the deity, built several temples to his name – the most prominent of which are the Luxor Temple and the Great Temple in Karnak.

During the New Kingdom, Egypt came close to being a monotheistic state with Amun at the center of attraction. Amun was adopted into the Ennead cosmogony. He and the sun god, Ra, became the hybrid god Amun-Ra. Amun-Ra was thought of as the father and protector of all the pharaohs of Egypt since then. His cult was responsible for the rising role of the women in the society – they wielded great powers and held positions of authority and responsibility. Queen Ahmose Nefertari, for example, was granted the title the “God’s Wife of Amun” – an epithet given to the wife of the pharaoh in acknowledgment of her role and position in the state religion of Amun. The pharaoh Hatshepsut even claimed that her mother was impregnated by Amun in the guise of Pharaoh Thutmoses II

His cult spread further even to neighboring states and countries particularly Nubia. Amun-Ra became the principal deity of Napata during the twenty-fifth dynasty. The people there believed he was Gebel Barkal. By this time, he was considered an equivalent of Zeus by the Greeks.

One of the grandest festivals in ancient Egypt is the Opet Festival. Here, the statue of Amun traverses in the route of the Nile from his temples in Luxor to Karnak in celebration of his marriage to Mut. This festival epitomizes his role in procreation as the “Ka-mut-ef” or the “bull of his mother”.

To date, he and Osiris are one of the most chronicled male deities especially in relics and tablets both of which were referred to as the King of Gods.

 

Source:

Egyptian Gods and Goddesses

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As The Wheel Turns ~ Legends and Lore for November 24

Dragon Comments & Graphics

As The Wheel Turns ~ Legends and Lore for November 24

Feast of Burning Lamps in Egypt for Isis and Osiris.

International Protest Against War Toys Day.

Festival Of Silence.

Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom – Sikh Lion Day

Japan: Tori-no-Ichi – Bamboo rakes decorated with symbols of good fortune are carried through the streets in order to attract benevolent spirits

In Japan, the annual festival known as Tori-No-Ichi takes place on or around this date. Traditionally, special bamboo rakes decorated with symbols of good fortune are carried through the streets in order to attract benevolent spirits.

In ancient Egypt, the sacred Goddesses of Light and Birth were honored and invoked annually on or around this day with prayers, libations, and the ritual burning of special lamps.

11/27 U.S. Thanksgiving. Give thanks for the bounty of the harvest and bless native peoples everywhere.

Remember the ancient ways and keep them sacred!
•           •           •           •

Live each Season as it passes; breathe the air, drink the drink, taste the fruit, and resign yourself to the influences of each.
~Henry David Thoreau (1817 – 1862)
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NOTE: Because of the large number of ancient calendars, many in simultaneous use, as well as different ways of computing holy days (marked by the annual inundation, the solar year, the lunar month, the rising of key stars, and other celestial and terrestrial events), you may find these holy days celebrated a few days earlier or later at your local temple.

Courtesy of Granny Moon’s Morning Feast

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Deities of Ancient Egypt

Deities of Ancient Egypt

The gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt were a complex group of beings and ideas. As the culture evolved, so did many of the deities and what they represented. Here are some of the best-known gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt.

•Anubis, God of Funerals and Embalming

Anubis is known as being a jackal-headed god of the dead, but he plays a significant role in the tale of Isis and Osiris. Find out why Anubis was important to the ancient Egyptians.

•Bast, the Cat Goddess

In ancient Egypt, cats were often worshipped as deities, Bast was one of the most highly honored feline gods. Also called Bastet, she was a goddess of sex and fertility. Originally, she was portrayed as a lioness, but was sometimes portrayed with kittens beside her, as an homage to her role as a goddess of fertility.

•Geb, God of Earth

In the ancient Egyptian religion, Geb is known as the god of the earth and is the first king of Egypt. He is often portrayed lying beneath the sky goddess, Nut. In his role as a god of earth, he is a fertility deity. Plants grow within his body, the dead are imprisoned inside him, and earthquakes are his laughter. He is more than a god of the surface of the earth – in fact, he is a god of everything contained within the earth.

•Hathor, Patron of Women

In Egyptian religion, Hathor was a predynastic goddess who embodied femininity, love and the joy of motherhood. In addition to being a symbol of fertility, she was known as a goddess of the underworld, in that she welcomed the newly departed to the West

•Isis, Mother Goddess

Originally a funerary goddess, Isis was the lover of Osiris. After his death, she used her magic to resurrect him. Isis is honored for her role as the mother of Horus, one of Egypt’s most powerful gods. She was also the divine mother of every pharoah of Egypt, and ultimately of Egypt itself.

•Ma’at, Goddess of Truth and Balance

Maat is the Egyptian goddess of truth and justice. She is married to Thoth, and is the daughter of Ra, the sun god. In addition to truth, she embodies harmony, balance and divine order. In Egyptian legends, it is Maat who steps in after the universe is created, and brings harmony amidst the chaos and disorder.

•Osiris, King of Egyptian Gods

Osiris was the son of earth and sky, and beloved of Isis. He is known as the god who taught mankind the secrets of civilization. Today, he is honored by some Pagans as a god of the underworld and of the harvest.

•Ra, the Sun God

Ra was the ruler of the heavens. He was the god of the sun, the bringer of light, and patron to the pharaohs. According to legend, the sun travels the skies as Ra drives his chariot through the heavens. Although he originally was associated only with the midday sun, as time went by, Ra became connected to the sun’s presence all day long.

•Taweret, Guardian of Fertility

Taweret was an Egyptian goddess of childbirth and fertility – but for a while, she was considered a demon. Associated with the hippopotomus, Taweret is a goddess who watches over and protects women in labor and their new babies.

•Thoth, God of Magic and Wisdom

Thoth was an Egyptian god who spoke as the tongue of Ra. Find out what’s special about this ibis-headed deity of ancient Egypt, and how he factors in to the story of Isis and Osiris.

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As the Wheel Turns – Legends and Lore for September 22


Mabon Comments & Graphics

As the Wheel Turns – Legends and Lore for September 22

 

 Autumn Equinox or Harvest Home: From sundown. Also known as Mabon, Alban Elfred, or Winter Finding, the Autumn Equinox is one of two times of equilibrium — when the hours of day and night are matched — on the great Wheel of the Year.

 

 Autumnal Equinox; Death of the Goddess Tiamat - Study the lore of dragons (Tiamat’s animal form). Burn blue candles for Her sky and sea aspects.

 

 Slavic Pagan celebrate Svarog’s Holiday in their month of Ruen. This is the day honoring Svarog, the God of Fire and the Sky, a day to drink mead and celebrate. In ancient Egypt (Kemet), they celebrated the Feast of Divine Life in honor of the Moon and the life-giving waters which came from it by sacrificing a pig. This was also the time of the Ritual of the Netjeru of the Two Lands. The Inca celebrate the Coya Rayni festival honoring the Moon Goddess Quilla, focusing on purging sickness and evil.

 

(Southern Hemisphere) The Spring or Vernal Equinox, also called the Festival of Trees, Alban Eilir, Ostara, and the Rites of Eostre. The great fertility celebration of the birth of Spring and the reawakening of life from the Earth is the origin of many of the traditions surrounding the Christian holiday of Easter.

 

1692: Salem, Massachusetts. In memory of Mary Easty, Alice Parker, Ann Pudeator, Margaret Scott, Wilmot Redd, and Samuel Wardwell, hanged for witchcraft.

 

 NOTE: Because of the large number of ancient calendars, many in simultaneous use, as well as different ways of computing holy days (marked by the annual inundation, the solar year, the lunar month, the rising of key stars, and other celestial and terrestrial events), you may find these holy days celebrated a few days earlier or later at your local temple.  

 

 Live each Season as it passes; breathe the air, drink the drink, taste the fruit, and resign yourself to the influences of each. ~Henry David Thoreau (1817 – 1862)

Courtesy of GrannyMoonsMorningFeast

 

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Today’s Quiz: A Quick Cat Quiz for Cat Lovers

Quick Cat Quiz for Cat Lovers

1. In ancient Egypt, when a household cat died, family members did  what to mourn the passing of their pussycat?

a. Shave their eyebrows

b. Henna tattoo the name of their cat across their hearts

c. Make offerings of cream to the cat goddess Bastet and beat their chests  while wailing

d. Burn catnip and frankincense in all of the doorways and leave offerings of  cream outside the front door

2. A cat is a digitigrade animal which means:

a. They vary in the number of toes they have

b. They are adept at climbing trees, but head-first only.

c. They have soft pads on the bottom of their feet which makes them near  silent in their movement

d. They walk on their toes

3. The technical term for a cat’s hairball is a:

a. Doozie

b. Bezoar

c. Furetto

d. Ailuro

4. In Catholicism, the Patron Saint of Cats is:

a. Saint Francis of Assis

b. Saint Gertrude of Nivelles

c.  Saint Garfield of Davis

d. Saint Catherine of Alexandria

5. Strings for guitars, fiddles, harps and tennis rackets once used catgut.  True or False?

6. Kitten litter-mates can have different fathers.  True or  False?

7. What is the largest recorded litter for one cat?

a. 10

b. 12

c. 16

d. 19

8. Which famous historical figure had a deep distaste for the  dirtiness of dogs, but loved cats so much that he reportedly cut the sleeve from  his robe to avoid disturbing his cat that fell asleep in his arms?

a. Winston Churchill

b. Prophet Mohammed

c. Buddha

d. St. Francis of Assisi

9. According to another well-loved legend, which famous historical  figure stroked their beloved cat three times, thus granting it — and all cats  thereafter — seven lives.

a. Prophet Mohammed

b. Buddha

c. King Tutankhamen (King Tut of Egypt)

d. Cleopatra

10. Catnip is exciting to some cats because:

a. It smells similar to a queen (adult female) in heat.

b. It is illegal in many states

c. It is chemically similar to hormones produced by a lactating mother  cat

d. It can trigger visual and olfactory hallucinations

 

11. Everyone knows cheetahs are the fastest land animal, but  which cat claims second place?

a. Clouded leopard

b. Amur leopard

c. Caracal

d. Serval

 

12. An ancient Chinese legend maintains that the cat is the  cross-breeding between which two animals?

a. Fox and a rabbit

b. Monkey and lioness

c. Monkey and an otter

d. Lioness and a weasel

 

The Answers

1. In ancient Egypt, when a household cat died, family members did what to  mourn the passing of their pussycat?

a. Shave their eyebrows

In ancient Egypt, cats were sacred and associated with the goddess Bastet.  Thus, when a family cat left the world of the living, family members would mourn  by shaving off their eyebrows, as well as, host elaborate funerals. The cat was  typically embalmed and buried in the family tomb or in a pet cemetery with a  wooden mask. To help the newly deceased cat pass to the world of the dead, tiny  mice mummies were often also buried with the beloved feline.

2. A cat is a digitigrade animal which means:

d. They walk on their toes

Like most fast mammals, cats walk and run on their toes.

3. The technical term for a cat’s hairball is a:

b. Bezoar

The term for hairballs in my household however is just plain gross.

4. In Catholicism, the Patron Saint of Cats is:

b. Saint Gertrude of Nivelles

5. Strings for guitars and tennis rackets once used catgut. True and False.

True because the term catgut was used to refer to musical instrument strings,  but false because the source of the string was not from the gut of cats. Rather,  the source of these strings were usually sheep, cow and goat intestines. The  term catgut may be a shortened version of cattle gut, but the etymology is not  entirely clear.

6. Kitten littermates can have different fathers.  True.

7. What is the largest recorded litter for one cat?

d. 19

A normal litter of kittens ranges from one to six kittens, although up to  nine is not uncommon. The largest known litter however was 19 kittens, of which  15 survived.

8. Which famous historical figure had a deep distaste for the dirtiness of  dogs but loved cats so much that he reportedly cut the sleeve from his robe to  avoid disturbing his cat that fell asleep in his arms?

b. Prophet Mohammed

The Prophet Mohammed, the founder of the Muslim religion, loved cats so much  that legend has it that he once cut  the sleeve from his robe to avoid disturbing his sleeping cat, Muezza. Indeed, Islamic tradition teaches their adherents that cats are to be  respected and loved and mistreating a cat is considered a serious sin.

9. According to another well-loved legend, which famous historical figure  stroked their beloved cat three times, thus granting it — and all cats  thereafter — seven lives.

a. Prophet Mohammed

According to legend, the multiple lives all started when Prophet Mohammed  granted his favorite cat, Muezza, seven lives and the ability to always land on  all four paws after a fall.

10. Catnip is exciting to some cats because:

a. It smells similar to a queen (adult female) in heat.

Catnip contains a chemical, transnepetalactone, that is very similar to the  substance secreted by a female cat in oeterous (in heat).  Combine  this fact with the fact that catnip is also closely related to marijuana and you  can see why some cats bliss-out when given this kitty treat! MEOW-ZA!

11. Everyone knows cheetahs are the fastest land animal, but which cat  claims second place?

d. serval

Second to the Cheetah in speed (60 mph), the serval reaches speeds of 45-50  mph.

12. An ancient Chinese legend maintains that the cat is the cross-breeding  between which two animals?

b. a monkey and lioness

Ancient Chinese legend maintains that the cat is the product of a lioness and  a monkey – the lioness endowing her offspring with dignity and the monkey with  curiosity and playfulness.

 

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Your Charm for February 17th is The Buckle of Isis

Your Charm for Today

The Buckle of Isis

Today’s Meaning:

Someone who will, or has told a lie about you regarding this aspect will be discovered and the truth will come out. They will suffer for their injustice and you shall prevail.

General Description:

The blood of Isis, the virtue of Isis, the magic power of Isis, the magic power of the Eye, are protecting this the Great one; they prevent any wrong being done to him. Thus reads a portion of the 156th chapter of the Egyptian Book of the Dead, which was engraved, often with other invocations, on the Buckle of Isis amulets. Great faith was placed in the magic power of this buckle, or tie. It was believed that the wearer would be protected and guarded from every kind of evil for ever and ever.

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Your Charm for February 11th is The Menat

Your Charm for Today

The Menat

Today’s Meaning:

A few prayers to your deity of choice would serve you well when dealing with this aspect. Your questions or requests stand a better chance of being answered in the next few days if you do so.

General Description:

This elaborately ornamental charm, worn by Egyptian women, was supposed to bestow upon them all the blessings of their powerful Hathor, goddess of the sunrise, whose worship was universal in Egypt. Health, strength, happiness – all these were the gifts of this their goddess of love. She was regarded as a loving, protecting mother, both of the living and of the dead; was the deity who filled both heaven and earth with her beneficence, and the dispenser of all the blessings of life.

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Your Charm For Today

The Tet

Today’s Meaning:  

This aspect is influenced by someone who finds you irresistible, yet they will say nothing of it.

General Description:   

The Tet, or Tat, amulet was most popular with the ancient Egyptians, among whom the power of charms was believed to be irresistible. They were worn to protect the human body, living and dead alike from evil influences, and from attacks of invisible and visible enemies. The Setting up of the Tet (the reconstruction of the body of Osiris the god of vegetation and everlasting life) was a religious ceremoney, celebrated annually at Abydos, in Upper Egypt, and in the Delta at Busiris. Worn as a talisman for protection from evil also for strength and stabiltiy

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