Deities

Goddesses and Their Attributes

Goddesses and Their Attributes

Cultures around the world have long viewed the Goddess in many forms, with many faces. Our ancestors divided the Divine Feminine into lots of different deities and assigned certain attributes, powers, and responsibilities to each. Thus, individual goddesses express the various aspects of the feminine archetype.

Some depictions of the Goddess embody characteristics that are unique to the national or religious traditions of the people who worshiped her. In most cases, however, goddess figures express similar qualities, regardless of the country or faith with which they are associated.

 

The Greek goddess Aphrodite and the Romans’ Venus both represent love and beauty. Pele, the Hawaiian fire goddess, has much in common with Kali, the Indian goddess of destruction and rebirth. The Buddhist Kuan Yin and the Christian Mary both symbolize compassion.

Whatever she’s called, however her story is told, the inherent features of the Divine Feminine — fertility, creativity, compassion, wisdom, beauty, love, healing — can be seen in the deities of all cultures. Here are some of the world’s many goddesses and the attributes usually associated with them.

Goddesses of the World

Name Culture Attributes
Aino Finnish beauty
Amaterasu Japanese beauty, leadership, brightness
Aphrodite Greek love, beauty, sensuality
Artemis Greek courage, independence, protection
Axo Mama Peruvian fertility
Bast Egyptian playfulness, joy
Brigid Celtic creativity, smithcraft, inspiration, healing
Calypso Greek music
Ceres Roman nourishment, health
Ceridwin Celtic inspiration, wisdom
Concordia Roman peace
Cybele Asia Minor fertility
Diana Roman hunting, purity, independence
Freya Norse love, healing, sensuality
Hathor Egyptian love
Hecate Greek magick, death, wisdom
Inanna Sumerian journeys, facing fears, courage, grief
Isis Egyptian art, nourishment, wholeness, awakening
Kali Indian transformation, destruction, change
Kuan Yin Chinese compassion, humanitarianism, mercy
Lakshmi Indian wealth, abundance
Medea Greek magick
Pele Hawaiian fiery spirit, destruction and rebirth, vitality
Sekmet Egyptian grace, dignity, strength
Siva Slavic fertility
Sophia Greek wisdom, primal power
Uttu Sumerian creativity
Tara Indian nourishment, protection, compassion
Tiamet Babylonian power, magick, protection
Wang-mu Chinese immortality
Yemaja Nigerian secrets, dreams, childbirth, purification

On days when a witch wishes to connect with certain qualities in herself or wants to strengthen abilities she feels are weak, she can ask for help from a goddess who embodies those beneficial qualities. Say you have an important business meeting coming up and you want to make a good impression. The Egyptian sun goddess Sekmet, depicted as a lioness, symbolizes the attributes you desire to accomplish your goals. Align yourself with her energy to accomplish your aims.

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The Divine Feminine

The Divine Feminine

Perhaps the most profound and omnipresent symbol of the Divine Feminine is Mother Earth herself. Concern for the environment and “green” practices demonstrate respect for the Goddess, who is manifest in all of nature. It’s no accident that movements honoring the earth and the Goddess evolved simultaneously. Indeed, many witches believe that unless Goddess energy reawakens within each of us and in the world as a whole, the planet may be destroyed.

Witches often depict the Goddess in three stages that represent the three phases of a woman’s life: maiden, mother, and crone. Celtic art illustrates this tripart nature as three interlocking pointed loops called vesica piscis, which symbolize the opening to the womb. Others show the feminine trinity as three phases of the moon: waxing, waning, and full.

The Maiden

The Maiden Goddess signifies youth. In this aspect, she symbolizes innocence, hope, joy, curiosity, flexibility, courage, and enthusiasm. Greco-Roman mythology expressed this phase of the Goddess as Luna, the chaste moon goddess. Diana, Artemis, Eos, Renpet, Bast, and Persephone also characterize the maiden aspect of the Divine Feminine.

In magickal work, the following can serve as symbolic associations for the Maiden:

  • Baby animals (before puberty)
  • The colors silver, white, and light blue
  • Lightweight clothing and delicate fabrics such as gauze, lace, thin cotton, and silk
  • Clear quartz, pearl, diamond, aquamarine
  • The chaste tree, meadowsweet, lemongrass, white rose, hyacinth, narcissus, crocus, apple blossoms, peach blossoms, lilac, gardenia
  • The morning hours of the day, from dawn until noon
  • The spring months
  • The waxing moon

The Mother

The Mother Goddess signifies maturity. Her attributes include fertility, creativity, nurturing, comfort, abundance, strength, sensuality, confidence, and power. Pele, Gaia, Freya, Isis, Ceres, Demeter, Brigid, Oshun, Yemaja, Aphrodite, Venus, Tara, and Mary are among the goddesses who personify the mother phase of the Divine Feminine.

In magickal work, the following can serve as symbolic associations for the Mother:

  • Pregnant or nursing animals
  • Rich colors: ruby red, forest green, royal blue, and amber
  • Luxurious clothing and fabrics including velvet, damask, cashmere, silk, and mohair
  • Geode, emerald, turquoise, opal, coral, rose quartz, amber
  • Apple, pomegranate, peach, raspberry, strawberry, red clover, red rose, mint, iris, jasmine, cinnamon, parsley, daisy, myrtle, orchid, saffron
  • The afternoon hours, from noon to sunset
  • Summer through the harvest season
  • The full moon

The Crone

The Crone signifies the years after menopause. In some traditions, a woman is considered a Crone after she has experienced her second Saturn Return (usually at about age fifty-eight). The attributes inherent in this aspect of the Divine Feminine include wisdom, intuition, prophecy, stability, pragmatism, patience, detachment, and fortitude.

 

The last phase of womanhood, the crone period, is the one usually associated with witches. The traditional images of the ancient crone or hag aren’t attractive, but that reaction is not surprising. Humans are afraid of mortality and the Crone reminds one of old age and death.

Sophia, Hecate, Ceridwen, White Buffalo Woman, Butterfly Woman, Kali, Lilith, Baba Yaga, and Kuan Yin are among the goddesses who personify the crone phase of the Divine Feminine. In magickal work, the following can serve as symbolic associations for the Crone:

  • Old animals
  • Dark colors: brown, black, midnight blue, purple
  • Heavy clothing (often robes) and fabrics including wool, linen, and velvet
  • Smoky quartz, jet, onyx, amethyst, fossils
  • Holly, mandrake, pine, juniper, mistletoe, nightshade, nuts, oak, moss, wintergreen, ginseng; also dried or withered plants
  • The hours from sunset to dawn
  • Late fall and winter
  • The waning moon
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The Charge Of The Crone

Witchy Comments

The Charge Of The Crone

by Jim Garrison

 

Hear the words of the Dark Goddess who stands within the
crossroads, whose torch illuminates the Underworld:

I am the Queen of Magic and the dark of the Moon, hidden in
the deepest night. I am the mystery of the Otherworld and the fear
that coils about your heart in the time of your trials. I am the soul
of nature that gives form to the universe; it is I who await you at the
end of the spiral dance. Most ancient among gods and mortals, let my
worship be within the heart that has truly tasted life, for behold all acts
of magic and art are my pleasure and my greatest ritual is love itself.
Therefore let there be beauty in your strength, compassion in your
wrath, power in your humility, and discipline balanced through mirth
and reverence. You who seek to remove my veil and behold my true
face, know that all your questioning and efforts are for nothing, and all
your lust and desires shall avail you not at all. For unless you know my
mystery, look wherever you will, it will elude you, for it is within you and
nowhere else. For behold, I have ever been with you, from the very
beginning, the comforting hand that nurtured you in the dawn of life,
and the loving embrace that awaits you at the end of each life, for I am
that which is attained at the end of the dance, and I am the womb of new
beginnings, as yet unimagined and unknown.

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Invocation of the Horned God


Witchy Comments & Graphics

Invocation of the Horned God

O’Horned One!
We call thy name into the night,
O’Horned One!

Thee we invoke, by the moon-led sea,
By the standing stone and the twisted tree.
Thee we invoke where gather thine own,
By the nameless shrine forgotten and lone.

Come where the round of the dance is trod,
Horn and hoof of the goatfoot God!
By moonlit meadow, on dusky hill,
When the haunted wood is hushed and still.

Come to the charm of the chanted prayer,
As the moon bewitches the midnight air.
Evoke thy powers, that potent bide
In shining stream and the secret tide.

In fiery flame by starlight pale,
In shadowy host that rides the gale,
And by the fern-brakes fairy-haunted
Of forests wild and woods enchanted.

Come! Come!
To the heart-beats drum!
Come to us who gather below
When the broad white moon is climbing slow

Through the stars to the heaven’s height
We hear thy hoofs on the wind of night!
As black tree-branches shake and sigh,
By joy and terror we know thee nigh.

We speak the spell thy power unlocks
At Solstice, Sabbat and equinox

 

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The Charge of the God

Witchy Comments & Graphics

The Charge of the God

Listen to the words of the Great Father, who of old was called Osiris, Adonis, Zeus, Thor, Pan, Cernunnos, Herne, Lugh and by many other names.

My law is harmony with all things.

Mine is the secret that opens the gates of life and mine is the dish of salt of the earth that is the body of Cernunnos that is the eternal circle of rebirth.

I give the knowledge of life everlasting, and beyond death I give the promise of regeneration and renewal.

I am the sacrifice, the father of all things, and my protection blankets the earth.

Hear the words of the dancing God, the music of whose laughter stirs the winds, whose voice calls the seasons.

I who am the Lord of the Hunt and the Power of the Light, sun among the clouds and the secret of the flame.

I call upon your bodies to arise and come unto me.

For I am the flesh of the earth and all its beings.

Thru me all things must die and with me are reborn.

Let my worship be in the body that sings, for behold all acts of willing
sacrifice are my rituals.

Let there be desire and fear, anger and weakness, joy and peace, awe and longing within you.

For these too are part of the mysteries found within yourself, within me, all beginnings have endings, and all endings have beginnings.

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Charge of the Goddess

Goddess Comments & Graphics

Charge of the Goddess

Whenever you have need of anything,
once in the month and better when the moon is full,
then shall you assemble in some secret place
and adore the spirit of me,
who am Queen of all witches.
There shall ye assemble,
ye who are fain to to learn all sorcery,
yet have not won its deepest secrets;
to these will I teach all things that are as yet unknown.
And ye shall be free from slavery;
and as a sign that ye be truly free,
you shall be naked in your rites;
and ye shall dance, sing, feast,make music and love,
all in my praise.
For mine is the ecstasy of the spirit,
and mine also is joy on earth;
for my law is love unto all beings.
Keep pure your highest ideals;
strive ever towards them,
let nothing stop you or turn you aside.
For mine is the secret door which
opens upon the Land of Youth,
and mine is the cup of the wine of life,
and the Cauldron of Cerridwen,
which is the Holy Vessel of Immortality.
I am the gracious Goddess,
who gives the gift of joy unto the heart of man.
Upon earth,
I give the knowledge of the spirit eternal;
and beyond death,
I give peace, and freedom,
and reunion with those who have gone before.
Nor do I demand sacrifice;
for behold, I am the Mother of all living,
and my love is poured out upon the earth.

I am the beauty of the green earth,
and the white moon among the stars,
and the mystery of the waters,
and the desire of the heart of man.
Call unto thy soul, arise, and come unto me.
For I am the soul of Nature,
who gives life to the Universe.
From me all things proceed,
and unto me all things must return;
and before my face, beloved of Gods and of men,
let thine innermost divine self be enfolded
in the rapture of the infinite.
Let my worship be within the heart that rejoicest;
for behold, all acts of love and pleasure are my rituals.
Therefore, let there be beauty and strength,
power and compassion, honor and humility,
mirth and reverance within you.
And thou who thinketh to seek for me,
know thy seeking and yearning shall avail thee not
unless thou knoweth the mystery;
that if that which thy seekest thou findest not within thee,
thou wilt never find it without thee.
For behold, I have been with thee from the beginning;
and I am that which is attained at the end of desire.

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Deity of the Day for July 16th is Idunn The Norse Goddess

Deity of the Day

Idunn

The Norse Goddess

 

Areas of Influence: Idunn is the Norse Goddess of youth and springtime.

Her name means she who renews and has several alternative spellings including: Indun, Iduna and Idhunna.

She was one of the lesser known Aesir Goddesses who lived in Asgard.

She is the keeper of the magical apples that give the Gods immortality.

When Loki arranges for the giant Thiassi to abduct her all the Gods and Goddesses start to age and weaken.

Loki is summoned by the angry Gods and is told to rescue her. He borrows Freya’s falcon cloak and flies to the giants house. Luckily the Giant is out fishing so Loki transforms Idun into a nut, attempting to fly her home quickly before the giant discovers her missing.

The Giant returns home early and changes into an eagleso he can give chase. The Eagle is faster than a falcon and the giant begins to gain on Loki. Odin sees them in the distance and instructs the Gods to light a fire once Loki has safely flown overhead. The Eagle is unable to stop and his wings burst into flames.

Origins and Genealogy: She is married to Bragi the God of poetry. I have not included her parentage as the information is incomplete and contradictory.

Strengths: Generous and youthful.

Weaknesses: Naivety, too trusting.

Symbolism: Shown as a beautiful maiden.

Sacred Animal/Bird/Plant: Apples which she carries in a basket.

Idunn’s Archetype

The Maiden:

The Maiden Archetype represents purity and the innocence of childhood, where the soul’s dreams, magic and make believe still prevail.

It is also an aspect of the Triple Goddess, together with the Mother and the Crone they represents the cycles of the moon and the different stages of a woman’s life.

Shadow Maiden is very self centered all, her dreams and energy is expended on achieving her own personal needs and goals.

Idunn is a Maiden Goddess as she is the Goddess of youth and the springtime.

 

Source:
Goddess-Guide.com

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Deity of the Day for July 15th is Juno, Goddess of Marriage, Pregnancy & Childbirth

Deity of the Day

Juno

Areas of Influence: Juno was the Goddess of marriage, pregnancy and childbirth.

She was the Queen of the Gods and part of the Capitoline triad that also included Minerva and Jupiter.

This Deity was an embodiment of the traditional female roles of wife and mother.

One of her titles was Lucino (meaning light) as she helped to bring children into the light of this world at birth. She was also said to set and strengthen a child’s bones.

She was also Goddess of conception, a Goddess to be called upon in labour and one who helped settle disagreements between spouses.

Juno protected the finances of the Roman people. In this role she was the patron Goddess of the royal mint.

Before she absorbed many of Hera’s characteristics several scholars suggest that she was a Maiden Goddess.

The Month of June was named after her and it was considered the most favorable month to get married in.

Her other claim to fame is that as an archetypal figure she appears in Shakespeare’s play The Tempest.

Each Roman woman was said to have her own Juno which represented her female spirit.

Origins and Genealogy: According to later Roman myths she was the sister and consort of Jupiter and the mother of Mars, Hebe and Vulcan.

Mars was conceived when the Goddess was impregnated by a flower.

Strengths: Leadership and a loyal wife.

Weaknesses: Jealousy and vindictiveness.

Juno’s Symbolism

This Roman Goddess had a more warlike nature than Hera and was often depicted in a goat skin coat that was favoured among Roman soldiers.

She was also able to throw lightning bolts like her husband Jupiter.

Sacred Birds: Geese and peacocks.

Sacred Plants: The wild fig tree.

Festivals: A special ceremony was dedicated to her in the home to celebrate the beginning of each lunar month.

Her main festival, the Matronalia was held on 1st March. On this day married woman asked their husbands to give them money to make offerings to the Goddess.

A smaller celebration known as the Nonae Caprotinae took place on 7th July.

Greek and Etruscan Equivalents: The Goddess Hera was the Greek equivalent to Juno.

Uni was the Etruscan Goddess who shared many similarities with this Deity.

 

Source:

Goddess-Guide.com

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