Deities

Deity of the Day for July 30th is Nephthys

Deity of the Day

Nephthys

Goddess of Death, Service, Lamentation and Nighttime

Nephthys ((/ˈnɛpθɨs/ or /ˈnɛfθɨs/) or Nebthet/ˈnɛbˌθɛt/ (Arabic: نيفتيس Nyftys) is a member of the Great Ennead of Heliopolis in Egyptian mythology, a daughter of Nut and Geb. Nephthys was typically paired with her sister Isis in funerary rites because of their role as protectors of the mummy and the god Osiris and as the sister-wife of Set.

Nephthys is the Greek form of an epithet (transliterated as Nebet-het, and Nebt-het, from Egyptian hieroglyphs).The origin of the goddess Nephthys is unclear but the literal translation of her name is usually given as “Lady of the House,” which has caused some to mistakenly identify her with the notion of a “housewife,” or as the primary lady who ruled a domestic household. This is a pervasive error repeated in many commentaries concerning this deity. Her name means quite specifically, “Lady of the [Temple] Enclosure” which associates her with the role of priestess.

This title, which may be more of an epithet describing her function than a given name, probably indicates the association of Nephthys with one particular temple or some specific aspect of the Egyptian temple ritual. Along with her sister Isis, Nephthys represented the temple pylon or trapezoidal tower gateway entrance to the temple which also displayed the flagstaff. This entrance way symbolised the horizon or akhet.

At the time of the Fifth Dynasty Pyramid Texts, Nephthys appears as a goddess of the Heliopolitan Ennead. She is the sister of Isis and companion of the war-like deity, Set. As sister of Isis and especially Osiris, Nephthys is a protective goddess who symbolizes the death experience, just as Isis represented the (re-)birth experience.

Nephthys was known in some ancient Egyptian temple theologies and cosmologies as the “Useful Goddess” or the “Excellent Goddess”. These late Ancient Egyptian temple texts describe a goddess who represented divine assistance and protective guardianship.

Nephthys is regarded as the mother of the funerary-deity Anubis (Inpu) in some myths. Alternatively Anubis appears as the son of Bastet or Isis.

As the primary “nursing mother” of the incarnate Pharaonic-god, Horus, Nephthys also was considered to be the nurse of the reigning Pharaoh himself. Though other goddesses could assume this role, Nephthys was most usually portrayed in this function. In contrast Nephthys is sometimes featured as a rather ferocious and dangerous divinity, capable of incinerating the enemies of the Pharaoh with her fiery breath.

New Kingdom Ramesside Pharaohs, in particular, were enamored of Mother Nephthys, as is attested in various stelae and a wealth of inscriptions at Karnak and Luxor, where Nephthys was a member of that great city’s Ennead and her altars were present in the massive complex.

Nephthys was typically paired with her sister Isis in funerary rites because of their role as protectors of the mummy and the god Osiris and as the sister-wife of Seth.

Less well understood than her sister Isis, Nephthys was no less important in Egyptian Religion as confirmed by the work of E. Hornung, along with the work of several noted scholars.

“Ascend and descend; descend with Nephthys, sink into darkness with the Night-bark. Ascend and descend; ascend with Isis, rise with the Day-bark.”

Pyramid Text Utterance 222 line 210.

In the funerary role, Nephthys often was depicted as a kite, or as a woman with falcon wings, usually outstretched as a symbol of protection. Nephthys’s association with the kite or the Egyptian hawk (and its piercing, mournful cries) evidently reminded the ancients of the lamentations usually offered for the dead by wailing women. In this capacity, it is easy to see how Nephthys could be associated with death and putrefaction in the Pyramid Texts. She was, almost without fail, depicted as crowned by the hieroglyphics signifying her name, which were a combination of signs for the sacred temple enclosure (hwt), along with the sign for neb, or mistress (Lady), on top of the enclosure sign

Nephthys was clearly viewed as a morbid-but-crucial force of heavenly transition, i.e., the Pharaoh becomes strong for his journey to the afterlife through the intervention of Isis and Nephthys. The same divine power could be applied later to all of the dead, who were advised to consider Nephthys a necessary companion. According to the Pyramid Texts, Nephthys, along with Isis, was a force before whom demons trembled in fear, and whose magical spells were necessary for navigating the various levels of Duat, as the region of the afterlife was termed.

It should here be noted that Nephthys was not necessarily viewed as the polar opposite of Isis, but rather as a different reflection of the same reality: eternal life in transition. Thus, Nephthys was also seen in the Pyramid Texts as a supportive cosmic force occupying the night-bark on the journey of Ra, the majestic sun god, particularly when he entered Duat at the transitional time of dusk, or twilight. Isis was Ra’s companion at the coming of dawn.

Nephthys plays an important role in the Osirian myth-cycle.

It is Nephthys who assists Isis in gathering and mourning the dismembered portions of the body of Osiris, after his murder by the envious Set. Nephthys also serves as the nursemaid and watchful guardian of the infant Horus. The Pyramid Texts refer to Isis as the “birth-mother” and to Nephthys as the “nursing-mother” of Horus. Nephthys was attested as one of the four “Great Chiefs” ruling in the Osirian cult-center of Busiris, in the Delta and she appears to have occupied an honorary position at the holy city of Abydos. No cult is attested for her there, though she certainly figured as a goddess of great importance in the annual rites conducted, wherein two chosen females or priestesses played the roles of Isis and Nephthys and performed the elaborate ‘Lamentations of Isis and Nephthys’. There, at Abydos, Nephthys joined Isis as a mourner in the shrine known as the Osireion. These “Festival Songs of Isis and Nephthys” were ritual elements of many such Osirian rites in major ancient Egyptian cult-centers.

As a mortuary goddess (along with Isis, Neith, and Serqet), Nephthys was one of the protectresses of the Canopic jars of the Hapi. Hapi, one of the Sons of Horus, guarded the embalmed lungs. Thus we find Nephthys endowed with the epithet, “Nephthys of the Bed of Life,” in direct reference to her regenerative priorities on the embalming table. In the city of Memphis, Nephthys was duly honored with the title “Queen of the Embalmer’s Shop,” and there associated with the jackal-headed god Anubis as patron.

Nephthys was also considered a festive deity whose rites could mandate the liberal consumption of beer. In various reliefs at Edfu, Dendera, and Behbeit, Nephthys is depicted receiving lavish beer-offerings from the Pharaoh, which she would “return”, using her power as a beer-goddess “that [the pharaoh] may have joy with no hangover.” Elsewhere at Edfu, for example, Nephthys is a goddess who gives the Pharaoh power to see “that which is hidden by moonlight.” This fits well with more general textual themes that consider Nephthys to be a goddess whose unique domain was darkness, or the perilous edges of the desert.

Nephthys could also appear as one of the goddesses who assists at childbirth. One ancient Egyptian myth preserved in the Papyrus Westcar recounts the story of Isis, Nephthys, Meskhenet, and Heqet as traveling dancers in disguise, assisting the wife of a priest of Amun-Re as she prepares to bring forth sons who are destined for fame and fortune.

Nephthys’s healing skills and status as direct counterpart of Isis, steeped, as her sister in “words of power,” are evidenced by the abundance of faience amulets carved in her likeness, and by her presence in a variety of magical papyri that sought to summon her famously altruistic qualities to the aid of mortals.

 

Source:
Wikipedia

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Deity of the Day for July 28th is Blodeuwedd

Deity of the Day

 

Blodeuwedd

Blodeuwedd (pronounced Blow-day-yoo-eth) is the Welsh Goddess of Flowers.

Mythology:-
After Lleu’s mother, Arianrhod declared that he would never have a mortal wife, his two magician companions, Gwydion and Math began to work their magick. They formed a magickal, divine wife named Blodeuwedd for him out of 9 flowers. She was expected to of course marry him and be a loyal wife and though he loved her, she never loved him.
For three nights Lleu had left Blodeuwedd in charge of their… home and in that time a nobelman in need of a rest from his huntng activity took shelter there. His name was Gronw the Strong and the two fell in love.
Desperate to be free of her husband and marry her hunter love the two plotted to kill Lleu. After failed attempts Blodeuwedd tricked Lleu into revealing how he could be killed (only when special conditions were met was this possible).
After a year and a day of preparing for the right conditions Gronw made his attack on Lleu and wounded him; he did not manage to kill the God. Gwydion took defence of his foster-son and allowed Lleu to escape to heal. He killed Gronw and punished Blodeuwedd by turning her into an owl.

Spiritual Information:- Blodeuwedd is a Maiden Goddess yet this does not permit her to never having enjoyed the love of a man. She is independant in her body and choices, despite the bounds of an unwilling marriage. Even though she seems to be under the rule of man, by her creation, marriage, and punishment, she was there before Gwydion and Math invoked her. Her lovemaking with the Hunter and her connection to flowers ma…kes her the walking feminine spirit of the land. She is the embodiment of the Goddess in her many guises as shown by her multi-faceted personality.
She compliments Lleu in that he is the Light Eagle God of the Day, and she is the Dark Owl of the Night. She is mated to the God of the Light side of the year and the God of the Dark side of the year, mirroring the wheel of the year and the battle of the solstices; her double faces or light and dark reflect the Goddesses role in this.
She is the Maiden in her independance, youth, beauty and strength; the mother in her sexuality, love and lust; the crone in her cunning, death and the night owl.
In some cases Gronw the Strong can be seen as a manifestation of the Horned Hunter God Cernunnos and so it would be fitting to Couple Blodeuwedd with both he and Lleu.

Correspondences:-
* Owls
* Flowers
* Bright colours and Dark colours.
* Green
* Maiden Mother Crone

Offerings:-
* Flowers
* Floral Incense
* Bean, broom, burdock, meadowsweet, primrose, nettle, hawthorn, oak, and chestnut (flowers)

Festivals:-
* Celebrate and worship Blodeuwedd in any of her stages of maiden mother crone, at Imbolc, Beltane or Samhain. She can also be thought of at the solstices as her two men battle over her.

 

Source:

Goddess Spirals

 

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Deity of the Day for July 26th is Ares The God Of War

Deity of the Day

Ares (Mars)

Greek God of War

 

Ares (Roman equivalent is Mars) was the Greek god of war. He is one of the Twelve Olympians, and the son of Zeus and Hera. In Greek literature, he often represents the physical or violent and untamed aspect of war, in contrast to the armored Athena, whose functions as a goddess of intelligence include military strategy and generalship. Since ancient times the people, in order to solve their differences resorted to the most painful act for humans, war.

The ancient Greek mythology is dominated by two major combat operations: the ten-year Trojan War and the Argonaut’s campaign. So the Greeks coined a god, Ares, who personified this terrible scourge. He was always thirsty for blood and his main feature was the irrational rage and the lack of any courtesy.

Ares belongs to the second generation of Olympians. He was lawful son of Zeus and Hera. His love to cause wars and quarrels made him obnoxious not only to other gods but also to his father Zeus, who never missed an opportunity to attack him and call him a “stubborn head”. 

The biggest controversy was between Ares with Athena, who was also a war goddess. But Athena was, in parallel, the goddess of wisdom, so she was combining power with intelligence. That’s why most of the times she prevailed against bellicose Ares and was bringing him to shame. The most significant conflicts between them were made during the Trojan War.

As we are informed by Homer, the brawler God had promised to his mother Hera and Athena to help the Greeks. But, seduced by the beauty of Aphrodite, he passed at a critical moment in the opposing faction. For some time, he stood by at the main hero of the Trojans, Hector, who decimated the Achaean warriors, since Achilles was missing from the battlefield. Hera was indignant with her son who, since childhood, only caused problems, ran to Zeus and asked permission to evict Ares from the battle, injuring him. He accepted, since he was not at all fond of his son. Immediately Hera sent Athena to arrange the matter as she knew.

The wise goddess wore the Kynee, the cap of her uncle Hades, which made her invisible, and jumped at once from Olympus in the Trojan plain. Then she stood on the chariot of Diomedes that started battle with Ares, without knowing of course that he was against an Olympian god. Ares first threw his bronze spear against mortal warrior, but the unseen Athena repelled it with both her hands and it fell on the ground.

 

Then Diomedes threw his spear and Athena directed it in the side of Ares. He fell wounded on the ground and screamed with a terrible voice that panicked Greeks and Trojans, for he was like ten thousand warriors shouting together. Then he flew to Mount Olympus shrouded in thick clouds and immediately went to the palace of Zeus.

He showed him his wound and while weeping, he started complaining:

“Father Zeus, you see the injustices take place, but you are not mad. All gods always do your will and obey your orders. But you can not see Athena who always makes her own. You never argue with her since you gave birth to her by yourself. And now, she puts a mortal to hit me with his spear and ridicule me!”

The father of gods and men, furious with his son, responded with insulting words.

 

“Are you not ashamed to come before me whining? Know that I hate you, because you always like wars, fights and quarrels. You are a stubborn head exactly like your mother Hera. Know that if your father was any other, he would have thrown you in Tartarus, even more below than the Titans.”

Although Zeus used insulting words, Ares was his son was and he could not bear to see him hurt and crying. So Zeus instructed Paionian, doctor of the gods to heal his wound. But in the final battle of the Trojan War all the gods, with the permission of Zeus, ran fully armored in the battlefield. In the Greek camp joined Hera, Athena, Poseidon and the divine blacksmith Hephaestus. Beside the Trojans arrived dreadful Ares, master archer Artemis, long-haired Phoebus, Leto, the smiling Aphrodite and the river Xanthus.

Ares, who was embittered with Athena, because she always embarrassed him in front of the Olympians, charged with the first opportunity towards her and started talking with bad words:

 

“Shameless bitch, with your ego and insolence you have caused a lot of trouble to the gods!”

Then he threw his spear at aegis of Athena that even the thunder of Zeus could not pierce. The goddess shook and took two or three steps backwards. Without losing her courage, grabbed a huge rock that people had set up for border and hurled it the bellicose god. The rock struck Ares on the neck, forcing him to bend on his knees and fall down. His huge body spread seven square kilometers as he fell on the ground. His knees bled and his hair was filled with soils. All the gods started to laugh when they saw the god of war lying on the ground, who once again was ridiculed by Athena. Only Aphrodite ran to him, helped him get up and grabbing him by the hand raised him to Olympus.

 

Ares also had several differences with the famous hero Heracles (Hercules), who was enjoying the protection of Athena. Once, the Swan, son of warlike god and Pelopeias, wanted to build a temple from the skulls of men, in honor of his father. Therefore he was killing every passerby. So he tried to do the same thing with Heracles. Ares rushed alongside his son and forced the hero to withdraw. But then Heracles returned and killed the Swan.

For this event there are several variations. So, one myth tells that Swan agreed with Ares to kill Heracles. During the conflict the hero killed the Swan and the wounded immortal god in the thigh. Another poet tells that the Swan was the son of Ares and Pyrinis and challenged Heracles to a duel. The god wanted to help his son and tried to burn the opponent. But Zeus, who was the father of the hero, threw a thunder between them and separated them. Another son of Ares that had differences with Heracles was Diomedes of Thrace

 

Read More At Greek Mythology Pantheon
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Deity of the Day for July 23 is Frigg, The Norse Goddess

Deity of the Day

 Frigg

The Norse Goddess

 

Areas of Influence: Frigg was the Norse Goddess of marriage, childbirth, motherhood, wisdom, household management and weaving and spinning.

She was the Queen of Aesir and the only one permitted to sit on the high seat other than her husband Odin.

This Goddess’s home was Fensalir (Marsh hall) in Asgard. All marshy and boggy ground was sacred to this Goddess.

As Goddess of weaving she was associated with weaving clouds and the threads of fate, known as Wyrd in the Nordic tradition. Despite this and the gift of prophecy she is unable to save her own son from his fate. The Goddess made him invincible to everything other than mistletoe but unfortunately Loki disguised himself and tricked her in to revealing this weakness.

She has more than ten handmaidens who assist her, the most well known of these are Hlin (Goddess of Protection), Gna (a messenger Goddess) and Fulla (a fertility Deity). Some academics have suggested that the attendants represent different faces of this particular Deity.

Barren women would invoke this Goddess and ask her to bless them with children.

Her name means “beloved one.” Other spellings of this Goddesses name include Frea, Fija, Friia, Frig and Friggja.

Origins and Genealogy: She was the daughter of Fjorgynn (the male personification of the earth) and was married to Odin with whom she had two sons, Balder and Hodr.

She was briefly married to Odin’s brother’s Vili and Ve as Odin had been away travelling a long time and was believed to be dead. When he finally returned, the marriage to Odin’s brothers was dissolved and she returned to her husband’s side.

Strengths: A loving mother and home maker.

Weaknesses: Unable to save her son.

Frigg’s Symbolism

Like Freya she wears a ravens clock.

She is associated with constellation the Orion’s Belt which was known as the Frig’s Distaff upon which she winds the threads of fate and weaves the clouds.

Sacred Birds: Ravens, hawks and falcons.

Sacred Plants: Frigg’s grass is a plant was traditionally used as a sedative during birth. Mistletoe is also sacred to her.

Frigg’s Archetype

The Mother

The Mother is a life-giver and the source of nurturing, devotion, patience and unconditional love. The ability to forgive and provide for her children and put them before herself is the essence of a good mother.

In its shadow aspect the Mother can be devouring, abusive and abandoning. The shadow Mother can also make her children feel guilty about becoming independent and leaving her. It is not necessary to be a biological Mother to have this stereotype. It can refer to anyone who has a lifelong pattern of nurturing and devotion to living things.

This Goddess was a devoted mother who was unable to prevent the death of her son. She is also a great domestic Goddess looking after the home.

 

How to Work With This Archetype

The Mother

You are exhibiting the features of the shadow Mother if you smother your children and are over protective. Encourage independence and allow children to make mistakes but be available to give care and advice when it’s needed.

The other shadow Mother is the one that abandons her children, or is so busy that she has no time for nurturing her young.

 

Source:
Goddess-Guide.com

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Deity of the Day for July 19th is Themis The Greek Goddess

Deity of the Day

Themis

The Greek Goddess

TYPE: Areas of Influence: Themis the Greek Goddess was one of the ancient Titans. She was the Greek Goddess of divine justice, order and customs. In this role she sat in judgment of the recently deceased and decided whether they were sent to Tartarus or the Elysian Fields. This role is very similar to that of the earlier Egyptian Goddess Ma’at

She was the Goddess who called the Gods to assemble before Zeus and kept order during their lavish banquets.

Themis the Greek goddess also advised her husband on the principles of divine law and the rules of fate.

This Goddess also had the ability to foresee the future and was in charge of the Oracle of Delphi before she handed it over to Apollo.

Origins and Genealogy: This Deity was the daughter of Gaia and Ouranus, she had six brothers: Cronus, Oceanus, Hyperion, Lapetus, Cruis and Coeus and several sisters including Tethys, Theia, Pheobe and Mnemosyne.

With Zeus she had several children: Eunomia (order), Dike (justice), Eirene (peace) and the Moirai (the Fates). She is also considered by some to be the mother of Prometheus.

Strengths: Balancing and just able to predict the future.

Weaknesses: Very exacting in her standards.

Themis’s Symbolism

Themis is often shown blind folded holding the scales of justice.

Roman Equivalent of Themis: Lustitia

Themis’s Archetypes

The Judge:

The Judge’s role is to balance justice with compassion. Ensuring a distribution of power that provides realistic and fair boundaries that encourage people to take responsibility for their actions.

Shadow Judge misuses his power to enforce rules over others by manipulating laws. They are over critical and very judgmental of others, the sort of tyrant that makes you feel you are tip toeing round on eggshells trying not to draw their wrath.

This is an obvious choice of Archetype for Themis the Greek Goddess as she is Goddess of Justice.

The Visionary:

The Visionary is able to track probable outcomes for the future and able to envisage a better way of living for all mankind. They are clear channels for spirit communication.

Shadow Visionary sells their prophetic abilities to the highest bidder. They may even manipulate what they have seen to make it more palatable for their audience. The other shadow Visionary is so absorbed in their dreams that they are unable to function in the everyday world.

As keeper of the Oracle of Delphi Themis the Greek Goddess fits this Archetypal role. It is she that prophecies that Zeus will like his father before him be overthrown by one of his children.

 

How To Work With these Archetypes

The Judge:

The Judge is one of your Archetypes if you work in roles where you are often called upon to mediate between different sides. You may also have high standards and ideals which you encourage others to adopt.

This Archetype is an excellent one to work with if you are facing any legal proceedings or other situations in your life where you want justice to be done.

This Goddess should only be invoked if you wish to work with the universal laws of harmony and justice. If you are trying to enforce your own standards or seek revenge for perceived wrong doings you will be working with the Shadow aspect of the judge.

The Visionary:

You may be drawn to the Visionary if you possess psychic or visionary abilities yourself. The shadow aspect of this Archetype reminds you to use your gifts wisely and to remember to stay grounded in this reality.

You may also seek out this Archetype if you are at a cross roads in your life and are unsure what path to take. Work with this Goddess and look for the signs/symbols which will point you in the right direction. Remember that the path she indicates is the one for your highest good.

 

Source:
Goddess-Guide.com

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Other Spiritual Entities

Other Spiritual Entities

 

Although ordinarily you can’t see them, many beings share your world with you. Perhaps you’re aware of spirits around you — you may see or hear them, or simply sense their presence. Some of the entities reside here in the physical realm, others exist in what is often thought of as heaven. These distinctions, however, are a bit misleading, as the various levels of existence aren’t really separate — they interact with and permeate one another.

Elementals

Elementals are so named because they represent the four elements:earth, air, fire, and water. Most of the time you can’t see them, though occasionally they cross over into human beings’ range of vision. If you befriend them, elementals can serve as devoted helpers who will eagerly assist you in performing magick spells.

Gnomes are earth spirits. Sometimes called trolls or leprechauns, these creatures can assist you with practical matters and prosperity magick. Salamanders are fire spirits. When you need inspiration, courage, or a boost of vitality, call upon these lively beings.

Sylphs are air spirits; their specialty is communication. Seek their aid when you need help with negotiating contracts, legal issues, or other concerns that involve communication. Ondines are water spirits. They can help you with emotional matters, especially love spells.

Folklore and fairy tales frequently refer to nonphysical entities. Seafaring legends, for instance, often mention mermaids. Leprechauns appear with regularity in Irish lore. Angels and spiritual guardians are discussed in the mythologies of most religions. So many people — not just witches — claim to have witnessed these beings that it’s hard to dismiss them as pure fantasy.

Faeries

Most people think of faeries as tiny Tinkerbell-like creatures, but that’s not an accurate perception — those delicate, winged beings are probably sylphs. Opinions vary regarding the true nature of faeries. By some accounts, faeries evolved from the Picts, the indigenous people who lived in Ireland and parts of Britain before the Saxons invaded the Isles. Morgan Le Fay, King Arthur’s sister, may have been a bean-sidhe or faery woman.

Another theory suggests that faeries are the energetic prototypes from which humans developed. These beings look like beautiful people whose forms are virtually perfect. Faeries are said to live almost forever — in the faery world time as you know it has no meaning.

Regardless of which view you accept, you’ll want to proceed cautiously if you decided to deal with faeries. Clever shapeshifters, these beings can be tricksters who might help or harm you, depending on how they feel about you. It’s said that life with the faeries is so seductive you won’t want — or be able — to return to an ordinary earthly existence once you enter their world. Legend warns that eating or drinking with them will trap you in the faery realm forever.

Make sure to treat elementals with consideration and respect — if they don’t like you, they might play tricks on you. Always remember to thank the elementals who assist you in your spell working, too, and perhaps offer them a small gift to show your appreciation.

Ancestors

Native Americans and Asians, in particular, often call upon the ancestors for guidance and assistance. “Ancestors” may be actual, deceased relatives of the person who petitions them, or they can be spirits the person never knew on earth. These wise, compassionate entities serve as guardians and guides, offering healing, protection, and other benefits to human beings. The “Sage” referred to in the I Ching is a good example of an ancestor figure.

You could choose to meet with your ancestors by going on a shamanic journey, mentally traveling to the spirit world as you would physically travel on earth to visit friends or relatives. Unlike faeries and elementals, the ancestors don’t play tricks on humans; they are concerned with the well-being and spiritual advancement of earth’s creatures. In return for an ancestor’s help, you may want to offer a gift to express your thanks. Native Americans frequently make offerings of tobacco in gratitude.

Angels

Virtually every faith speaks of angels in its legends, myths, and religious texts. According to most views, angels are considered to be cosmic messengers and spiritual guardians. They protect and guide human beings. They also serve as celestial helpers who carry requests between earth and the divine realm.

Pictures almost always depict angels with glowing haloes and beautiful feathered wings, and people usually describe them as having these features. However, this may be an illusion. Most likely, haloes and wings are vital energy fields or auras emanating from an angel’s form.

Spiritual and magickal traditions present many different conceptions of angels. The most common image is the guardian angel. Many people believe that everyone has a personal angelic guide, a benevolent being who may or may not have been human at one time. Your angel hears your prayers, watches over you, and helps you handle the challenges in your life.

Another theory proposes the existence of an angelic hierarchy, composed of many types of angels with varying roles and powers. This hierarchy includes seven levels of angelic beings, the lowest level being personal guardian angels (which are just above humans). Archangels, including Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, and Uriel, occupy the second level. Above them come the Principalities, then the Powers, Virtues, Dominions, and Cherubim. The Seraphim reside on the topmost tier. These heavenly hosts combat evil forces and keep the universe functioning.

How you choose to view spirits is up to you. You may accept or reject the existence of any or all nonphysical entities. Most witches believe in at least some of these spirits, although their ideas often differ. If you are among the “believers,” you might want to work with some of these spiritual beings. In the magickal view of the world, all entities — physical and nonphysical — are linked energetically. When you improve your relationships with angels, faeries, elementals, and others in the spirit realms, everything in the universe benefits.

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Gods and Their Attributes

Gods and Their Attributes

 

Since the beginning of time, cultures around the world have honored a masculine force. The yang energy of the universe has been depicted in various guises and personalities, as individual deities with specific natures, powers, and responsibilities. The many faces of the God express qualities associated with the male archetype: strength, virility, daring, leadership skills, logic, protection, knowledge, and courage.

Here are some of the god figures found in various cultures around the world and the attributes connected with them.

Gods of the World

Name Culture Attributes
Adibuddha Indian ultimate male essence
Aengus Irish youth, love
Agassou Benin protection, guidance
Ahura Mazda Persian knowledge
Aker Egyptian gatekeeper
Anu Babylonian fate
Apollo Greek beauty, poetry, music, healing
Bes Egyptian playfulness
Bunjil Australian vital breath
Byelbog Slavonic forest protector
Damballah Haitian wisdom, reassurance
Ea Chaldean magick, wisdom
Ganesa Indian strength, perseverance, overcoming obstacles
Green Man Celtic fertility, nature, abundance, sexuality
Hanuman Indian learning
Horus Egyptian knowledge, eternal life, protection
Itzamna Mayan written communication
Lugh Celtic craftsmanship, healing, magick
Mars Roman aggression, war, vitality, courage
Mercury Roman intelligence, communication, trade, travel
Mithras Persian strength, virility, courage, wisdom
Odin Scandinavian knowledge, poetry, prophesy
Osiris Egyptian vegetation, civilization, learning
Pan Greek woodlands, nature, fertility
Shiva Indian destruction, transformation
Sin Chaldean time, life cycles
Thoth Egyptian knowledge, science, the arts
Tyr Teutonic law, athletics
Vishnu Indian preservation, stability
Zeus Greek authority, justice, abundance, magnanimity

Archetypes transcend nationalities and religions, appearing in various yet similar forms in many different cultures. For example, the Greek god Zeus corresponds to the Roman god Jupiter. You can see overlaps between the Egyptian god Thoth and the Greeks’ Hermes. Mars and Mithras, both gods of war, were worshiped by soldiers in Rome and Persia, respectively.

On days when a witch wishes to identify with certain god-like qualities, she can ask for help from a deity who embodies those attributes. If you want to ace an exam, you could call on Mercury, Thoth, or Hermes to assist you. If you hope to overcome a formidable challenge or adversary, Ganesh is the god with whom to ally yourself. Regardless of your goal or concern, you’ll find a deity who can provide the help you need.

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The Divine Masculine

The Divine Masculine

The feminine is not complete without the male; together, these energetic polarities form a whole. Before the re-emergence of goddess-centered spirituality, only the male divinity’s face was present in most parts of the world. Some Wiccans and witches concentrate on the Divine Feminine. Others, however, believe that the Divine expresses as both male and female.

Witches often depict the Divine Masculine as having three faces, which represent the stages of a man’s life: youth, maturity, and old age. However, witches aren’t the only ones who envision a tripart God. Christians honor the male trinity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. In the Hindu religion, Brahma represents the creative principle of God, Vishnu is considered the preserver, and Shiva is the destroyer. Although the cultural aspects of these deities may differ, they still recognize the tripart expression of the masculine force.

The Son

The youthful aspect of the God is depicted as the Son. He signifies naiveté, daring, a sense of adventure, vitality, action, exuberance, and freedom. The ancient Egyptians expressed this archetype as Horus, who flies through the sky freely, with the sun in one eye and the moon in the other.

In magickal mythology, the Oak King represents the waxing year. This rather cocky young male takes over from the elder aspect of the God at year’s end by battling him for the crown. The tale of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is an excellent illustration of this concept, the Green Knight being the elder god.

The Horned God that witches honor also symbolizes this facet of the Divine Masculine. His wildness, sensuality, and passion make him brashly attractive. This deity expresses the witch’s connection to nature as well, and to all the primal magick therein. Cupid (the son of Venus) is another easily discernible example of the youthful virility associated with the Son.

The Father

In the Father, the mature face of God is emphasized. This aspect of the Divine Masculine represents strength, power, authority, leadership ability, protection, responsibility, and courage. He is viewed as the warrior king in some cultures, the wise ruler in others. In modern Western society, he could be seen as the capable corporate executive.

Mars, the god of war in Roman mythology, was a staunch protector of the land. He symbolizes the transition from the son aspect of the God to the father phase. Interestingly enough, another name for Mars was Marpiter (Father Mars), implying an older, more experienced deity.

Like the Goddess, the God possesses a creative aspect. Indeed, both forces are necessary for creation. The Father God in some early cultures oversaw the crafts, such as those of the smiths who were regarded as magick workers in their own right. Hephaestus, originally a fire god in Lycia and Asia Minor, eventually became the god of craftspeople in Greece. He earned this reputation by constructing palaces for the gods and fashioning Zeus’s thunderbolts. This creative aspect of the Father can also be seen in the figure of Bahloo, the Australian aborigine All-Father, whose job was to create all animals and people with his consort.

The Grandfather

In the tarot, the grandfather aspect of the God energy is illustrated as The Hermit. This card usually shows a bearded old man dressed in long robes, retreating into the darkness. However, he holds a lantern high, shining light to illuminate the way for those who wish to follow and learn what he knows.

The elder aspect of the masculine deity, or Grandfather, is as wise and wily as his female consort. He oversees the underworld (the place where souls are said to go between lives), destiny, death, resurrection, and justice. Like the Crone’s, his concerns extend beyond the physical world and involve the process of transformation, assimilation of knowledge, and movement between the various levels of existence.

The mythological elder god, known as the Holly King, who battles with the Oak King is one version of the grandfather archetype. Truthfully, the grandfather could win this battle with his wits if he so chooses. Nonetheless, he allows himself to lose so that the Wheel of Life will keep turning.

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